Ukr.Biochem.J. 2022; Volume 94, Issue 6, Nov-Dec, pp. 57-66


Influence of NF-κB on the development of oxidative-nitrosative stress in the liver of rats under conditions of chronic alcohol intoxication

A. O. Mykytenko1*, O. Ye. Akimov2, G. A. Yeroshenko3, K. S. Neporada1

1Department of Bioorganic and Biological Chemistry,
Poltava State Medical University, Poltava, Ukraine;
2Department of Pathophysiology, Poltava State Medical University, Poltava, Ukraine;
3Department of Medical Biology, Poltava State Medical University, Poltava, Ukraine;

Received: 05 October 2022; Revised: 15 December 2022;
Accepted: 17 February 2023; Available on-line: 27 February 2023

Alcohol-related liver disease is the most common cause of liver disease worldwide. The purpose of this work is the establishment of the influence of the transcription factor κB on the development of oxidative-nitrosative stress in the liver of rats under conditions of chronic alcohol intoxication. The experiments were performed on 24 male Wistar rats weighing 180-220 g. The animals were divided into 4 groups of 6 animals: control; animals, which were administered NF-κB inhibitor, namely ammonium pyrrolidinedithio­carbamate (PDTC) at a dose of 76 mg/kg 3 times a week; animals, on which we simulated alcoholic hepatitis and group of combination of alcoholic hepatitis and NF-κB inhibitor. We determined in rat liver homogenate the following biochemical parameters: the activi­ty of NO synthase isoforms, superoxide dismutase and catalase activity, the concentration of malonic dialdehyde, the concentration of peroxynitrite, nitrites and nitrosothiols, concentration of sulfide anion and superoxide anion radical production. Chronic alcohol intoxication led to increased production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species on the background of decreased antioxidant activity, thus intensifying lipid peroxidation in the liver. Blockade of the transcription factor κB during chronic alcohol intoxication despite an increase in antioxidant activity and decrease of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species production did not ameliorate oxidative damage to the liver. Blockade of activation of nuclear transcription factor κB in rat liver by PDTC reduced the risk of oxidative damage to hepatocytes, but did not reduce the risk of developing nitrosative damage to hepatocytes.

Keywords: , , , ,


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