Tag Archives: cytochrome c

Free radical oxidation in liver mitochondria of tumor-bearing rats and its correction by essential lipophilic nutrients

O. V. Ketsa, M. M. Marchenko

Fedkovich Chernivtsy National University, Ukraine;
e-mail: o.ketsa@chnu.edu.ua

Received: 21 May 2019; Accepted: 29 November 2019

The role of free radical oxidation in the increase of mitochondrial membranes permeability in organs which are not involved in oncogenesis and the development of the methods for preventing mitochondria dysfunction remain topical problems. In this work, the interconnection of lipid peroxidation (LPO) in liver mitochondrial fraction with the processes of mitochondrial swelling and cytochrome с release to the cytosol under separate and combined administration of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and retinol acetate (vitamin A acetate) to rats with transplanted Guerin’s carcinoma was studied.  During the intensive tumor growth (14 days) the increase of superoxide radical generation and the content of primary (triene conjugates, TC), secondary (ketodienes and coupled trienes, CD+CT) and terminal (Schiff bases) lipid peroxidation products­ in the mitochondrial fraction of tumor-bearing rats was detected, which contributed to the mitochondrial swelling and cytochrome с release to the cytosol. Separate administration of ω-3 PUFAs to tumor-bearing rats decreased both free radical processes in mitochondrial fraction and mitochondrial swelling. Separate administration of retinol acetate in a high dose (3000 IU/kg of body weight) intensified free radical processes in the mitochondrial fraction of tumor-bearing rats, while administration of retinol acetate in a physiological dose (30 IU/kg of body weight) did not lead to changes compared to tumor-bearing rats that did not receive the drug. The prooxidant effects of retinoid were partially eliminated in the case of combined administration with ω-3 PUFA.

Photoactivated fullerene C(60) induces store-operated Ca(2+) entry and cytochrome c release in Jurkat cells

S. M. Grebinyk1, K. O. Palyvoda2, S. V. Prylutska1, I. I. Grynyuk1,
A. A. Samoylenko2, L. B. Drobot2, O. P. Matyshevska1

1Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University, Ukraine;
2Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: matysh@yahoo.com

The values of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-pool and store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) were estimated in rat thymocytes and Jurkat cells loaded with indo-1 and treated with thapsigargin. It was shown that the relative value of SOCE in thymocytes was substantially lower than in Jurkat cells. Significant increase of SOCE in Jurkat cells preincubated with 10-5 M C60 and exposed to uv/visible light irradiation was detected at 1-3 h after exposure. At this time FCCP-induced Ca2+-release from mitochondria was shown to be reduced, while cytochrome c level into the cytoplasm of Jurkat cells, detected by Western blot analysis, to be increased. It is supposed that Ca2+ flux remodulation induced by photoexcited fullerene C60 in Jurkat cells might be involved in the initiation of signalling events leading to cell apoptosis.