Ukr.Biochem.J. 2023; Volume 95, Issue 1, Jan-Feb, pp. 103-116


Genome secrets of extinct hominids, or can paleogenomics answer the question: humankind, who we are? Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2022

S. V. Komisarenko, S. I. Romaniuk

Paladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;

Received: 28 February 2022; Revised: 02 March 2022;
Accepted: 13 April 2023; Available on-line: 27 April 2023

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2022 was awarded to Professor Svante Pääbo, a Swedish­ paleogenetic researcher, specialist in the field of evolutionary genetics, Director of the Department of Evolutionary Genetics at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology of Leipzig (Germany), for “discoveries concerning the genomes of extinct hominids and human evolution”. Explaining the significance of S. Pääbo’s work, the Nobel Committee noted that “he pioneered the methods to isolate and analyze DNA from archaic bone remains. In ancient bones, DNA has decayed, been chemically damaged and massively contaminated with DNA from bacteria and contemporary humans who work with the samples. Having utilized modern genetic methods, S. Pääbo created his own methods of sequencing the ancient DNA”.

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