Tag Archives: leukocytes

Influence of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase inhibitors on some parameters of oxidative stress in blood leukocytes of rats with experimental diabetes

M. M. Guzyk1, K. O. Dyakun1, L. V. Yanitska2, Т. М. Kuchmerovska1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: kuch@biochem.kiev.ua;
2O. O. Bogomolets’ National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine;

The study was undertaken to investigate the influence of specific inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP-1), in particular nicotinamide and 1,5-isoqinolinediol on white blood cells of rats with diabetes. Using the fluorescent probe 2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate ROS production in leukocytes was asseced. It was found that the development of streptozotocin-induced diabetes was accompanied by an intensification of oxidative stress and a significant decrease in via­bility of blood leukocytes as compared to control animals. Administration of PARP-1 inhibitors prevented the development of oxidative stress in leukocytes and increased their viability. It was shown a reduction of superoxide dismutase activi­ty in serum in diabetes. Investigated PARP-1 inhibitors had no effect on the activity of superoxide dismutase and glucose levels in the blood. The findings­ suggest the intensification of oxidative stress in leukocytes of diabetic animals and the ability of nicotinamide and 1,5-isoqinolinediol to prevent its development depending on the features of their structure.

The influence of low-molecular fraction from cord blood (below 5 kDa) on functional and biochemical parameters of cells in vitro

A. K. Gulevsky, N. N. Moisieieva, O. L. Gorina,
J. S. Akhatova, A. A. Lavrik, A. V. Trifonova

Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine,
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv;
e-mail: moiseeva-nataly@rambler.ru

The influence of a low-molecular fraction (below 5 kDa) from the cattle cord blood (CBF) on functional activity of phagocytes, human embryonic fibroblasts, mesenchymal stromal cells and BHK-21 clone 13/04 and PK-15 cells was studied. The low-molecular fraction added to culture medium increases the growth rate of cell cultures. The incubation of leukoconcentrate in the CBF-containing medium results in an increase in phagocytic indices of neutrophils in the presence of a phagocytosis inhibitor – sodium iodoacetate, leading to a significant increase in intracellular glucose content and alkaline phosphatase activity as compared to the control and the reference drug Actovegin®.