Tag Archives: TKT

Inhibition of IRE1 modifies hypoxic regulation of G6PD, GPI, TKT, TALDO1, PGLS and RPIA genes expression in U87 glioma cells

O. H. Minchenko1, I. A. Garmash1, D. O. Minchenko1,2,
A. Y. Kuznetsova1, O. O. Ratushna1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: ominchenko@yahoo.com;
2Bohomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine

We have studied the effect of hypoxia on the expression level of mRNA of the basic enzymes of pentose-phosphate cycle (G6PD, TKT, TALDO1, PGLS and RPIA) and glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI) in U87 glioma cells in relation to inhibition of IRE1 (inositol requiring enzyme 1). It was shown that hypoxia leads to up-regulation of the expression of GPI and PGLS genes and to down-regulation of TALDO1 and RPIA genes in control glioma cells. Changes for GPI gene were more significant than for other genes. At the same time, inhibition of IRE1 modified the effect of hypoxia on the expression of all studied genes. In particular, it increased sensitivity to hypoxia of G6PD and TKT genes expression and suppressed the effect of hypoxia on the expression of GPI and RPIA genes. Additionally, inhibition of IRE1 eliminated hypoxic regulation of PGLS gene and did not change significantly effect of hypoxia on the expression of TALDO1 gene in glioma cells. Present study demonstrated that hypoxia, which often contributes to tumor growth, affects the expression of most studied genes and inhibition of IRE1 modified the hypoxic regulation of pentose-phosphate cycle gene expressions in a gene specific manner and thus possibly contributes to slower glioma growth, but several aspects of this regulation warrant further investigation.