Tag Archives: vitamins

The contribution of the Nobel prize laureates to the development of knowledge of vitamin biochemistry: Ch. Eijkman, F. G. Hopkins, A. Szent-Györgyi, W. Haworth, P. Karrer, R. Kuhn, H. Dam, E. A. Doisy, G. Minot, W. Murphy, G. Whipple, D. Hodgkin, R. Woodward

V. M. Danilova, R. P. Vynogradova, S. V. Komisarenko

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: valdan@biochem.kiev.ua

In the first half of the 20th century, the experimental research of chemists, biochemists and physiologists in collaboration with doctors led to the discovery of a new class of biologically active compounds – vitamins. Many of these scientists were awarded the Nobel Prizes. Thanks to their efforts, almost all currently known vitamins (B1, B2, B6, B9, B12, C, A, E, K) were identified, their structure and the mechanism of biological action were characteri­zed. Many vitamins were found to serve as coenzymes in important biochemical conversions. This article talks about the history of the discovery of the most familiar vitamins and scientists involved in their research. The contribution made by these distinguished scientists to the development of modern­ biochemical science, in particular, vitaminology, cannot be overestimated.

Analysis of inventive activity of the department of vitamin and coenzyme biochemistry of Palladin Institute of Biochemistry NAS of Ukraine in the period of 1980-2015

V. M. Danilova, I. G. Chernysh, R. P. Vynogradova, G. G. Lugovska, S. P. Yurasova

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiyv;
e-mail: valdan@biochem.kiev.ua

The article provides analysis of inventive activity of the department of vitamin and coenzyme biochemistry of Palladin Institute of Biochemistry NAS of Ukraine in the years 1980-2015. It is pointed out that since 1985 fundamentally novel data on molecular mechanisms of coenzyme and non-coenzyme effect of vitamins and their nature metabolites were obtained in the Department headed by Prof., Corresponding Member of NAS of Ukraine G. V. Donchenko. Based on the obtained experimental data innovative technologies as well as novel products for medicine, agriculture, food and pharmaceutical industries were developed. Nearly 40 patents and authorship certificates of USSR and Ukraine for these practical developments were granted to the department employees.