Ukr.Biochem.J. 2016; Volume 88, Issue 2, Mar-Apr, pp. 73-81


Physical-chemical properties and the reactivity of pyridoxine and pyrrolidone carboxylate and their protolytic forms

N. Ya. Golovenko, V. B. Larionov, O. V. Karpova

A. V. Bogatsky Physical-Chemical Institute, National Academy
of Sciences of Ukraine, Odessa;

Preparation Methadoxine is equimolar salt, which cationic component (pyridoxine) is 3-oxypyridine derivative, possessing B6-vitamine like activity, while anionic component is the cyclic lactame of glutamic acid. Since biopharmaceutical and pharmacological properties of this drug depend on biochemical transformation its components, of the aim of this work was to determine the structure of possible ionized pyridoxine and pyrrolidone carboxylate forms and their reaction ability in biochemical processes. Physical-chemical properties of compounds (pKa, logP, logD, proton donor/acceptor quantity, solubility (g/l)) were calculated with ACD/pKaDB program or obtained from Pub-Med physical/chemical properties database. UV spectra of compounds were obtained after dissolution in different pH solutions (1.0, 4.5 and 6.8). It was found that at different pH values one can observe changes of the absorption spectra due to the presence of prevailing amount of the protonated form.  An analysis of both pKa, logP and logD indicators and reactive functional groups of Methadoxine components has revealed that they can be protonated in different regions of gastro-intestinal tract, that influences their solubility in hydrophilic and lypophilic media. Pharmacological properties of pyridoxine and pyrrolidone carboxylate themselves are performed after their preliminary biotransformation to active metabolites. Only ionic interaction between Methadoxine components in the substance composition can appear, that provides its pharmaceutical stability and ensures its activity only in the orga­nism conditions.

Keywords: , , , ,


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