Tag Archives: B lymphocytes

Changes in proHB-EGF expression after functional activation of the immune system cells

T. O. Chudina1,2, A. J. Labintsev1, S. I. Romaniuk1, D. V. Kolybo1, S. V. Komisarenko1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy  of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2ESC Institute of Biology and Medicine, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine;
e-mail: kolibo@biochem.kiev.ua

The level of proHB-EGF expression on J774, Raji, KG-1 cells derived from different types of human and mouse immune system cells under the standard in vitro culture conditions and during functional activation of these cells was investigated. Changes in the proHB-EGF expression on the cell surface were found to depend on the density of cell population, the content of fetal bovine serum in the culture medium, the effect of mitogenic factors – bacterial lipopolysaccharide, an inactive full-size form of diphtheria toxin (CRM197) and recombinant soluble HB-EGF – rsHB-EGF. The results obtained are important for the understanding of the functional role of proHB-EGF receptor on the surface of macrophage-like cells and B lymphocytes and indicate the involvement of this receptor in immune response regulation in an organism.

Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors: specific antibodies and functions in humoral immunity

M. V. Skok, L. M. Koval, O. Yu. Lykhmus, O. M. Kalashnyk,
G. L. Gergalova, S. V. Komisarenko

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: skok@biochem.kiev.ua

Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are ligand-gated ion channels initially discovered in muscles and neurons and further found in many non-excitable cells. The present review summarizes the results of studies performed in the Department of Molecular Immunology during the last decade and concerning the structure and functions of nAChRs in B lymphocytes and in mitochondria, as well as the role of nAChR-specific antibodies in the develop­ment of neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer disease.