Tag Archives: Emmanuelle Charpentier

Prospects of genome editing using CRISPR/CAS or how to master genetic scissors. Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020

S. V. Komisarenko, S. I. Romaniuk

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: svk@biochem.kiev.ua

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020 was awarded to two researchers in the field of molecular biology – the French Emmanuelle Charpentier, who now heads the Max Planck Unit for the Science of Pathogens in Berlin, and the American Jennifer Doudna from the University of California, Berkeley – for the ‘development of genome editing method’. A press release of the Nobel Committee states that the winners discovered one of the most powerful genetic technology tools – CRISPR/Cas9, or so-called ‘genetic scissors’. This method has contributed to many important results of basic research. In particular, plant researchers have managed to create crops resistant to mold, pests and drought. As for medicine, clinical trials of new cancer treatment techniques are underway, and a dream of curing hereditary diseases is about to become a reality. Genetic scissors have brought the life sciences to a new stage of development and greatly contributed to the benefit of mankind.