Tag Archives: glutathione system

Changes in glutathione system and lipid peroxidation in rat blood during the first hour after chlorpyrifos exposure

V. P. Rosalovsky, S. V. Grabovska, Yu. T. Salyha

Institute of Animal Biology, National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv;
e-mail: ros.volodymyr@gmail.com

Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is a highly toxic organophosphate compound, widely used as an active substance of many insecticides. Along with the anticholinesterase action, CPF may affect other biochemical mechanisms, particularly through disrupting pro- and antioxidant balance and inducing free-radical oxidative stress. Origins and occurrence of these phenomena are still not fully understood. The aim of our work was to investigate the effects of chlorpyrifos on key parameters of glutathione system and on lipid peroxidation in rat blood in the time dynamics during one hour after exposure. We found that a single exposure to 50 mg/kg chlorpyrifos caused a linear decrease in butyryl cholinesterase activity, increased activity of glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase, alterations in the levels of glutathione, TBA-active products and lipid hydroperoxides during 1 hour after poisoning. The most significant changes in studied parameters were detected at the 15-30th minutes after chlorpyrifos exposure.

Mitochondrial thiol-disulfide system under acute hypoxia and hypoxic-hyperoxic adaptation

O. A. Gonchar, I. N. Mankovska

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine;
e-mail: ogonchar@yandex.ru

The authors investigated the state of mitochondrial glutathione pool (reduced and oxidized glutathione, protein-GSH mixed disulfides), content of carbonyl groups and free sulfhydryl groups of proteins, protein expression of key mitochondrial antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin reductase as well as activity of glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase and glutaredoxin in the liver mitochondria of rats exposed to acute hypoxia after prolonged hypoxic-hyperoxic training (HHT). It was shown that the preliminary HHT reduced the intensity of proteins oxidative modification under acute hypoxia, activated the mitochondrial antioxidant defense as well as affected the thiol-disulfide exchange, redox balance in mitochondria, modulated the S-glutathionylation/deglutathionylation process in mitochondria membranes.