Tag Archives: L-glutamic acid

Effects of L-glutamic acid and pyridoxine on glutathione depletion and lipid peroxidation generated by epinephrine-induced stress in rats

N. O. Salyha

Institute of Animal Biology, NAAS of Ukraine, Lviv;
е-mail: ynosyt@yahoo.com

The main goal of this research was to investigate and compare the protective effects of L-glutamic acid (L-Glu) alone and combined with Pyridoxine (L-Glu+Pyridoxine) for the purpose of suppression and mitigation of epinephrine-induced stress in rats. This study outlines possible links between changes of reduced glutathione (GSH) level, antioxidant enzymes activity and content of the lipid peroxidation products after administration of the above-mentioned substances and under the action of stress in various tissues of rats. The obtained results suggest that the GSH level was significantly inhibited by stress in all investigated tissues (except kidneys). We have shown that under the stress, activities of glutathione-associated enzymes were changed (mainly decreased) in all investigated tissues. In rats, additionally received L-Glu and L-Glu+Pyridoxine, much less changes or lack of changes in studied parameters were observed. The content of lipid peroxidation products (lipid peroxides (LOOH) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS)) in myocardium, liver and kidney tissues of experimental groups under the stress conditions were significantly higher compared to the control. While in experimental groups that received L-Glu and L-Glu+Pyridoxine LOOH content in kidney, spleen and liver and TBARS content in spleen, liver and myocardium were almost at the level of control values. These results indicate that L-Glu and L-Glu+Pyridoxine can mitigate and suppress epinephrine-induced stress in rats.

Activity of the glutathione system of antioxidant defense in rats under the action of L-glutamic acid

N. O. Salyha

Institute of Animal Biology, National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine;
e-mail: ynosyt@yahoo.com

The data on the effects of glutamic acid (L-Glu), which is one of three amino acid – precursors of glutathione on animals organism is quite controversial because research in this area remain relevant. The aim of our research was to find out what impact the additional  introduction of L-Glu on the activity glutathione system of antioxidant defence and the content of lipid peroxidation products­ in various organs and tissues of rats. The effect of additional (285 and 715 mg/kg, respectively) introduction to the diet of L-Glu on the activity of antioxidant enzymes and intensity of peroxidation processes in various tissues of rats was studied. It is shown that in the liver, spleen and kidneys of rats which received additional 715 mg/kg of L-Glu content of reduced glutathione and glutathione peroxidase activity increased. A decrease of the content of lipid hydroper­oxides and TBA-active products in tissues of animals which received additional 285 and 715 mg/kg of L-Glu into the diet was found. We have also found that the enrichment of rat’s diet by L-Glu during 30 days resulted in a change of glutathione part of antioxidant system and intensity of lipid peroxidation. More intensive changes in these indices were observed in animals which received additional 715 mg/kg of L-Glu into the diet.