Tag Archives: lipid profile

Personalised diet improve intestine microbiota and metabolism of obese rats

V. V. Bati1*, T. V. Meleshko1, O.V. Pallah1,
I. P. Zayachuk2, N. V. Boyko1

1RDE Centre of Molecular Microbiology and Mucosal Immunology, Uzhhorod National University, Ukraine;
2Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Uzhhorod National University, Ukraine;
*e-mail: victoria.bati@uzhnu.edu.ua

Received: 25 April 2020; Accepted: 07 July 2021

Recent research on human microbiome provide opportunities to develop functional foods of new generation that can regulate intestinal microbiota and the biochemical status of the individual. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of individually designed nutrition on the intestinal microbiota and metabolic parameters of rats. Outbred laboratory rats with obesity  were randomly divided into 9 groups (= 12) depending on the type of food ingredients taken orally for three months. The ratio of the intestinal commensal microorganisms main groups, as well as the lipid profile and the content of glucose, urea, calcium in the serum of animals were determined. It was shown that cholesterol level in the serum was reduced in experimental groups after consumption of lactobacilli suspension, blueberry juice, fermented milk drink based on lactobacilli, fermented milk drink with blueberry juice, sauerkraut. In most cases, the gut microbiome of experimental animals was characterized by a consistently high level of lacto and other beneficial bacteria and decreased amount of opportunistic microorganisms at the end of the experiment compared with animals in the control group. Based on the obtained data, we first proposed the principles of creating functional products by synergistically combining components of edible plants that act as prebiotics and microorganisms that act as probiotics for personalized use, targeted correction of intestinal microbiome and prevention of noncommunicable diseases.

Lipid profile parameters and oxidative processes intensity in the persons who have been affected by low doses of radiation

V. L. Sokolenko, S. V. Sokolenko

Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University of Cherkasy, Ukraine;
e-mail: sokolenko@ukr.net

Received: 10 October 2018; Accepted: 14 March 2019

The aim of the work was to analyze the relationship between the main parameters of lipid metabolism and the intensity of oxidative processes among the inhabitants of the territories contaminated by radionuclides as a result of the Chornobyl accident. We examined 50 persons from the control group and 50 persons from the territories of strengthened radioecological control (density of soil contamination by isotopes 137Cs 3.7∙104–18.5∙104 Bq/m2, 50 persons). All examined were the students aged 18 to 24, who had no acute illnesses during the study. We determined the parameters of lipid metabolism, oxidative processes and antioxidant system. A positive correlation of all analyzed lipid metabolism parameters (except for HDL-C) with MDA, ceruloplasmin and the index of oxidative stress was discovered. The highest values of correlation coefficients with oxidative stress indices were observed for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Under the conditions of additional emotional stress, the correlation coefficients between the main lipid metabolism and the intensity of oxidative processes increased. Persons who lived for a long time in areas contaminated with radionuclides form the risk group for the development and progression of inflammatory processes. The risk increases under the influence of additional factors of a stressful nature.