Tag Archives: prostate cancer

Application of gold nanoparticles to determine spermine in the presence of other polyamines

Yu. V. Yanish1, M. P. Prylutskyi1*, S. P. Zaletok1, Yu. P. Mukha2

1R. E. Kavetsky Institute of Experimental Pathology, Oncology and Radiobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2O. O. Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
*e-mail: prilutskiy.maxim@gmail.com

Received: 19 October 2021; Accepted: 01 July 2022

The development of methods for the detection of polyamines in biological fluids is essential to improve early diagnosis and treatment of patients with prostate cancer. One of the promising areas is the use of noble metal nanoparticles. According to the literature data, there is no methodological approach have been developed to reliably distinguish spermine from other polyamines, in particular, from their acetylated forms and related compounds present in biological fluids. The paper presents the results of spectrophotometric determination of spermine both alone and in the presence of putrescine, spermidine or urea in the urine using gold nanoparticles. The results of the experiments proved that the developed method is suitable for the selective determination of spermine. It was shown that the presence of spermidine, putrescine, acetylated forms of polyamines or carbamide does not affect the results of the analysis.

Profiling of metabolic biomarkers in the serum of prostate cancer patients

F. Ali1, S. Akram1, S. Niaz1,2, N. Wajid1

1Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (IMBB) & Centre for Research In Molecular Medicine (CRIMM), The University of Lahore, Raiwind Road Lahore, Pakistan;
2Social Security Hospital Multan Chungi, Multan Road, Lahore;
e-mail: Fatima.ali@imbb.uol.edu.pk; fatemei.ali@gmail.com

Received: 26 July 2019; Accepted: 29 November 2019

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the major cause of the death of men population globally. Multiple factors are involved in the initiation and progression of PCa. This study aimed to evaluate different metabolic parameters in the serum of PCa patients. Males of 50 years and above age with the recent diagnosis of PCa (digital rectal examination, and elevated serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level) were included in the study. Glucose and serum electrolytes level, lactate dehydrogenase activity, parameters of lipid metabolism and liver and kidney functioning were measured on a fully automated analyzer using standard reagent kits. Oxidative stress was evaluated by measuring MDA, CAT, GSH, and SOD in serum. Detection of C-reactive protein (CRP), insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was performed by immunoassay. It was shown that serum glucose and HDL levels were lower while total cholesterol, LDL and triglyceride levels were significantly higher in PCa group than in the control group. PCa patients had an elevated level of liver and kidney functional markers. Comparison of the oxidative stress markers in patient and control groups showed significant difference. It was detected that serum levels of CRP, IGF-1 and VEGF were significantly higher in PCa group, compared the control to group (P < 0.05). Low level of glucose and dyslipidemia indices in prostate cancer patients indicated metabolic changes and demonstrated the importance of multiple parameters analysis (free PSA, dyslipidemia, VEGF, IGF-1, CRP, and oxidative stress markers) for early PCa diagnostics.

Analysis of Aurora kinases genes expression points on their distinct roles in prostate cancer development

O. Mankovska1, G. Gerashchenko1, E. Rozenberg1, E. Stakhovsky2,
O. Kononenko2, Yu. Bondarenko3, V. Kashuba1,4

1Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2National Cancer Institute, Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Kyiv;
3Institute of Urology National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
4Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology (MTC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden;
e-mail: mankovsska@gmail.com

Received: 28 May 2019; Accepted: 18 October 2019

Aurora kinases A and B play a crucial role in the regulation of mitosis, while Aurora C controls meiotic division. These proteins showed controversial behavior upon the development of epithelial tumors. Our aim was to examine if there are any differences in expression of Aurora kinases genes in malignant and non-malignant tumors and non-tumor tissues; to compare their expression with clinical characteristics of patients and expression of other prostate cancer-associated genes. Quantitative RT-PCR was used to determine Aurora A-C genes expression in 33 prostate adenocarcinomas (T), paired conventionally normal tissues (N), and 17 ade­nomas (A). Relative expression values (RE) for genes studied were estimated using 2-ΔCt and 2-ΔΔCt method. The Kruskal-Wallis with correction on multiple comparisons, according to the Benjamini-Hochberg procedure with FDR = 0.2, Dunn-Bonferroni post hoc test and Spearman rank correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. As turned out, RE values for AURKA were found to be significantly lower in samples of T group in comparison with A group. Moreover, significant up-regulation of AURKC expression levels were detected for T 3-4 stage compared to T 1-2 stage. RE values of AURKC in T group were positively correlated with the tumor stage, while AURKB RE demonstrated a negative correlation with the tumor stage. We also found significant correlations between AURK genes expression levels and prostate cancer-associated genes in T group. We suppose that all these data point to probable involvement of Aurora kinases’ genes in prostate carcinogenesis.