Ukr.Biochem.J. 2016; Volume 88, Issue 1, Jan-Feb, pp. 11-21


Hypoxic regulation of the expression of cell proliferation related genes in U87 glioma cells upon inhibition of IRE1 signaling enzyme

O. H. Minchenko1, D. O. Tsymbal1, D. O. Minchenko1,2,
O. O. Riabovol1, O. O. Ratushna1, L. L. Karbovskyi1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2Bohomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine

We have studied the effect of inhibition of IRE1 (inositol requiring enzyme 1), which is a central mediator of endoplasmic reticulum stress and a controller of cell proliferation and tumor growth, on hypoxic regulation of the expression of different proliferation related genes in U87 glioma cells. It was shown that hypoxia leads to up-regulation of the expression of IL13RA2, CD24, ING1, ING2, ENDOG, and POLG genes and to down-regulation – of KRT18, TRAPPC3, TSFM, and MTIF2 genes at the mRNA level in control glioma cells. Changes for ING1 and CD24 genes were more significant. At the same time, inhibition of IRE1 modifies the effect of hypoxia on the expression of all studied genes. In particular, it increases sensitivity to hypoxia of the expression of IL13RA2, TRAPPC3, ENDOG, and PLOG genes and suppresses the effect of hypoxia on the expression of ING1 gene. Additionally, it eliminates hypoxic regulation of KRT18, CD24, ING2, TSFM, and MTIF2 genes expressions and introduces sensitivity to hypoxia of the expression of BET1 gene in glioma cells. The present study demonstrates that hypoxia, which often contributes to tumor growth, affects the expression of almost all studied genes. Additionally, inhibition of IRE1 can both enhance and suppress the hypoxic regulation of these gene expressions in a gene specific manner and thus possibly contributes to slower glioma growth, but several aspects of this regulation must be further clarified.

Keywords: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


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