Ukr.Biochem.J. 2012; Volume 84, Issue 3, May-Jun, pp. 82-87

Effect of sodium chloride and nitroprusside on protein carbonyl groups content and antioxidant enzyme activity in leaves of corn seedlings Zea mays L.

Yu. V. Vasylyk1, N. M. Semchuk1, Ok. V. Lushchak2, V. I. Lushchak1

1Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology,
2Botanical Gardens of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University,
Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine;

The effect of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and sodium chloride (NaCl) on protein carbonyl group content and activity of antioxidant enzymes was investigated in leaves of maize seedlings. Incubation with NaCl and SNP+NaCl increased the content of carbonyl proteins after 24 h. Treatment with SNP+NaCl during 48 h showed lower and after 72 h higher carbonyl protein content than that in the control. Catalase activity was higher in the leaves of SNP+NaCl-treated than in the leaves of SNP-treated seedlings after 24 h. Ascorbate peroxidase activity increased after incubation with 0.2 mM SNP for 24 h. Significant increment of guaiacol peroxidase activity was obtained in all treated groups in comparison with the control after 72 h. Glutathione-S-transferase activity increased after 48 h seedling treatment with NaCl or SNP and 72 h seedling incubation with NaCl. Under experimental conditions used, glutathione reductase activity was virtually not affected. It is proposed that SNP can be used to prevent salt-induced oxidative stress in maize.

Keywords: , , , ,

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.