Ukr.Biochem.J. 2011; Volume 83, Issue 6, Nov-Dec, pp. 56-62

Transmembrane Ca(2+) exchange in depolarized rat myometrium mitochondria

L. G. Babich, S. G. Shlykov, N. V. Kandaurova, S. A. Kosterin

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;

Polarization of the inner membrane is the key factor in maintenance of the physiologically significant cations accumulation, in particular Ca2+, in the mitochondria. It has been well established that mitochondria accumulate calcium through the uniporter, driven by the mitochondrial membrane potential.  Nevertheless, it has been shown that depolarized mitochondria also accumulate Ca2+. The aim of this paper is to investigate free Ca level in depolarized myometrium mitochondria. As we have shown previously Ca2+ addition to the incubation medium, that did not contain K-phosphate, ATP and Mg2+, led to inner mitochondrial membrane depolarization. Nevertheless Ca2+ addition to such medium led to the concentration-dependent accumulation of this cation in the matrix. RuR or Mg addition to the incubation medium led to the higher elevation of mitochondrial Ca2+ level in depolarized mitochondria. Mitochondrial Ca2+ level was not affected by 5 µM cyclosporine A. It was suggested that Н+/Са2+ exchanger could provide calcium accumulation in depolarized mitochondria. The elevation of mitochondrial Ca2+ level after addition of Mg2+ and RuR may be due to inhibition of Ca2+ efflux through Ca2+ uniporter.

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