Ukr.Biochem.J. 2020; Volume 92, Issue 3, May-Jun, pp. 91-92


The human genome sequencing race ended 20 years ago

M. V. Grigorieva, S. V. Komisarenko

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;

Received: 25 June 2020; Accepted: 18 July 2020

The Human Genome Project, one of the most grandiose in contemporary science, was officially launched in 1990. The project aimed at determining the human DNA primary structure and gene localization and functions as well as ensuring free access of researchers to the project’s findings. The HGP was implemented by the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium, sponsored by the US Department of Energy, and the UK-based private company Celera Genomics. The results of the two teams’ work, including the rough draft of the human genome sequence, were published in Nature and Science in February 2001 within one day of each other, and the final version appeared three years after. The HGP’s revolutionary impact on biology and medicine cannot be overstated.


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