Ukr.Biochem.J. 2022; Volume 94, Issue 2, Mar-Apr, pp. 38-44


Tumor biomarkers CEA, CA19.9, CA15.3 and AFP levels in the serum of patients with COVID-19

Abubaker H. Ali1*, Abdullah H. Yaqub2, Ihssin A. Faraj2

1Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Sebha University, Libya;
2Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Sebha University, Libya;

Received: 11 December 2021; Accepted: 01 July 2022

Early diagnosis is very important to reduce morbidity and mortality in COVID-19 infected patients. The aim of this study was to detect of tumor antigens CEA, CA19.9, CA15.3, and AFP and to compare their levels in the serum of 69 COVID-19 patients and 69 healthy individuals who did not have COVID-19. The levels of CEA, CA19.9, CA15.3, and AFP in the serum were measured using ELISA. The levels of the tumor biomarkers in the serum of COVID-19 patients were found to be 7.74 ± 4.65 ng/ml for CEA, 29.33 ± 16.35 U/ml for CA19.9, 23.24 ± 13.48 U/ml for CA15.3 and 7.46 ± 5.57 ng/ml for AFP, while in the serum of healthy control patients 9.73 ± 43.58 ng/ml for CEA, 20.66 ± 11.1 for CA19.9, 19.64 ± 10.99 U/ml for CA15.3, and 3.83 ± 9.20 ng/ml for AFP, indicating no differences in the levels of the studied tumor biomarkers in the two experimental groups. It is concluded that tumor biomarkers CEA, CA19.9, CA15.3, and AFP cannot be used as effective screening tools for patients with COVID-19.

Keywords: , , , , ,


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