Tag Archives: 25OHD3

Cholecalciferol hydroxylation in rat hepatocytes under the influence of prednisolone

A. V. Khomenko

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: annavic@ukr.net

Glucocorticoid therapy is accompanied by development of processes typical of steroid osteoporosis. Indirect effects of glucocorticoids on the bone tissue are due to changes in mineral metabolism, which is regulated by vitamin D3. In this connection, we studied the influence of prednisolone on cholecalciferol metabolism. The study has shown that prednisolone action causes impairment of cholecalciferol metabolism in hepatocytes due to inhibiting vitamin D3 25-hydroxylase activity. Microsomal (CYP2R1) and mitochondrial (CYP27A1­) isoenzymes of vitamin D3 25-hydroxylase were found to function at different concentrations of the substrate. The relative protein contents of the isoenzymes greatly differed in the liver with the prevalence of CYP27A1 over CYP2R1. Prednisolone administration resulted in the lowering of both mitochondrial and microsomal isoenzymes of vitamin D3 25-hydroxylase. The inhibition of vitamin D3 25-hydroxylating system in hepatocytes contributed to a significant reduction in blood serum 25OHD3.

Vitamin D(3) contribution to the regulation of oxidative metabolism in the liver of diabetic mice

D. O. Labudzynskyi, O. V. Zaitseva, N. V. Latyshko,
O. O. Gudkova, M. M. Veliky

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: konsumemt3@gmail.com

This work is devoted to the study of the features of oxidative metabolism of hepatocytes in diabetic mice and those under the vitamin D3 action. We found out that a 2.5-fold decrease of 25OHD3 content in the serum was caused by chronic hyperglycemia in diabetes. Intensification of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitrogen monoxide (NO) production, protein oxidative modifications (detected by the contents of carbonyl groups and 3-nitrotyrosine), accumulation of diene conjugates and TBA-reactive products of lipid peroxidation, and the decreased level of free SH-groups of low molecular weight compounds in the liver were accompanied by development of vitamin D3 deficient state. It was shown that there was a decrease in the key antioxidant enzymes activity (catalase, SOD), while the activity of prooxidant enzymes NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, xanthine oxidase and NAD(P)H oxidase was increased. The identified oxidative metabolism lesions caused the elevation of the hepatocytes necrotic death that was tested for the ability of their nuclei to accumulate propidium iodide. Prolonged vitamin D3 administration (during 2 months) at a dose of 20 IU to diabetic mice helps to reduce the ROS formation and biomacromolecules oxidative damage, normalizes the antioxidant system state in the liver and increases survival of hepatocytes. The results suggest that vitamin D3 is a key player in the regulation of the oxidative metabolism in diabetes.

The ROS-generating and antioxidant systems in the liver of rats treated with prednisolone and vitamin D(3)

I. O. Shymanskyy, A. V. Khomenko, O. O. Lisakovska,
D. O. Labudzynskyi, L. I. Apukhovska, M. M. Veliky

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: ishymansk@inbox.ru

The mechanisms of glucocorticoid-induced disturbances of liver function is currently not fully clarified. Vitamin D3 was previously shown to play an important role in the regulation of impaired oxidative metabolism and detoxification function of the liver associated with the effects of hepatotoxic compounds. The study was undertaken to define the intensity of oxidative metabolism in the rat liver and survival of hepatocytes after prolonged prednisolone administration and to assess whether vitamin D3 is capable to counter glucocorticoid-induced changes. It has been shown that prednisolone (0.5 mg per animal for 30 days) leads to 1.6-fold increase in the percentage of necrotic cells among isolated hepatocytes as compared with the control. The glucocorticoid-induced impairment of hepatocellular function was accompanied by enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), accumulation of TBA-active products and carbonylated proteins but reduced levels­ of free SH-groups of low molecular weight compounds. It was demonstrated a decrease in the activities of key enzymes of antioxidant system (SOD, catalase, glutathione peroxidase), whereas the activities of pro-oxidant enzymes NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase and semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase were shown to be increased. Vitamin D3 (and to greater extent in combination with α-tocopherol) administration (100 IU) on the background of glucocorticoid therapy caused normalizing effects on the level of ROS formation, oxidative modification of biomolecules and activity of antioxidant enzymes resulting in better survival of hepatocytes. These data suggest a potential role of vitamin D3 in the regulation of oxidative metabolism alterations related to hepatotoxic action of glucocorticoids.

Vitamin D(3) availability and functional activity of peripheral blood phagocytes in experimental type 1 diabetes

D. О. Labudzynskyi, І. О. Shymanskyy, V. М. Riasnyi, М. М. Veliky

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: konsument3@gmail.com

The study was devoted to identifying the relation between vitamin D3 availability (assessed by the level of circulatory 25OHD3), content of vitamin D3 25-hydroxylase isozymes CYP27A1 and CYP2R1 in hepatic tissue and functional activity of peripheral blood phagocytes in mice with experimental type 1 diabetes. It has been shown that diabetes is accompanied by the development of vitamin D3-deficiency which is characterized by decreased 25OHD3 content in blood serum and determined by changes in tissue expression of the major isoforms of vitamin D3 25-hydroxylase. The level of hepatic CYP27A1 was revealed to be markedly reduced with a concurrent significant augmentation of CYP2R1. Cholecalciferol administration resulted in normalization of tissue levels of both isoforms of vitamin D3 25-hydroxylase and blood serum 25OHD3 content. Diabetes-associated vitamin D3 deficiency correlated with a decrease in phagocytic activity of granulocytes and monocytes, and their ability to produce antibacterial biooxidants such as reactive oxygen and nitrogen forms. Vitamin D3 efficacy to attenuate these abnormalities of immune function was established, indicating an important immunoregulatory role of cholecalciferol in the phagocytic mechanism of antigens elimination implemented by granulocytes and monocytes.