Tag Archives: age changes

Age changes of human serum polyreactive immunoglobulins (PRIG) activity

S. A. Bobrovnik, M. A. Demchenko, S. V. Komisarenko

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: s-bobrov@bk.ru

It has been determined that activity of serum polyreactive immunoglobulins (PRIG) changes with age in practically healthy people at the age from twenty five to seventy. Therewith, the activity of serum IgG PRIG increases most of all (about 3-4 times), while IgM PRIG activity, on the contrary, does not increase, but sometimes even decreases with age. IgA PRIG activity varies significantly more than IgG PRIG activity and, besides, IgА PRIG significantly less depends on age than IgG PRIG. The age changes in the activity of human serum PRIG, belonging to different types of immunoglobulins, may evidence for the important functional role of these immunoglobulins that has to be clarified.

Calpains: general characteristics and role in various states of the organism

N. F. Starodub1, L. M. Samokhina2, S. N. Koval2, I. A. Snegurskaya2

1National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: nikstarodub@yahoo.com;
2GD L. T. Malaya National Institute of Therapy of NAMS of Ukraine, Kharkov;
e-mail: lub.samokhina@yandex.ua

Calpains are a family of cytoplasmic calcium-dependent proteinases with papain-like activity. They participate in a variety of processes in the body: age changes, functioning of endothelium and pulmonary system, regulation of apoptosis and necrosis, development of various hypometabolic states, arterial hypertension, diabetes and chronic kidney disease, tumor growth. It is concluded that calpains, causing limited proteolysis of substrates, play an important role in a wide range of biological phenome­na. Their activity is associated with the response to the calcium-dependent signaling and the effects of aging. Inhibition of calpains activity contributes to inhibition of endothelial dysfunction, cardiovascular disease, formation of structural and functional changes in the kidney tissue, has neuroprotective effect, preventing sarcopenia, reduces inflammatory reactions caused by hyperventilation of the lungs.