Tag Archives: angiostatin

Citicoline affects serum angiostatin and neurospecific protein levels in patients with atrial fibrillation and ischemic stroke

A. A. Tykhomyrov1, Yu. S. Kushnir2, V. S. Nedzvetsky3,
T. V. Grinenko1, O. V. Kuryata2

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2State Establishment “Dnipropetrovsk Medical Academy of Health Ministry of Ukraine”, Dnipro;
3Bingöl University, Bingöl, Turkey;
e-mail: artem_tykhomyrov@ukr.net

Received: 22 May 2019; Accepted: 13 August 2019

Ischemic stroke is considered as one of the most frequent and severe complications of atrial fibrillation. The present study was undertaken to examine whether post-insult treatment with cytidine diphosphate-choline (CDP-choline, or citicoline) affects serum levels of the angiogenesis inhibitor angiostatin and neurospecific proteins as markers of brain damage in patients with cerebral ischemia associated with atrial fibrillation. Thirty-three patients with a diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke received citicoline sodium by intravenous infusions (1,000 mg daily for 14 days) in addition to the standard treatment (basic group). Twenty-five patients with the same pathologies, who received only standard therapy, were enrolled in the study as a control group. Serum content of angiostatin and neurospecific proteins, namely neurofilament heavy subunit (NF-H) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), was measured by immunoblotting at the basal level and after the treatment. Citicoline treatment caused significant decreases in serum levels of angiostatin (by 40% vs. basal level, P < 0.05), GFAP (by 61%, P < 0.01), and the NF-H subunit (by 19%, P < 0.05) and had no effect on the serum albumin content. In contrast, there were no statistically significant differences between baseline levels of the studied protein markers and their content after the treatment period in the control group. These findings indicate for the first time that CDP-choline protects both astrocytes and neurons and improves angiogenic capacity through down-regulation of angiostatin in post-ischemic patients with atrial fibrillation after acute ischemic stroke. Further studies are needed to test associations between serum levels of these biomarkers, clinical outcomes, and treatment efficacy of stroke.

Plasminogen and angiostatin levels in female benign breast lesions

A. A. Tykhomyrov1, I. L. Vovchuk2, T. V. Grinenko1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University, Ukraine;
e-mail: artem_tykhomyrov@ukr.net

It is known that benign breast tissue exhibit relatively low angiogenic capacity. Activation of angiogenesis in mammary pre-malignant lesions could be associated with disease progression and high risk of transformation into the breast cancer. However, insight into the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in angiogenesis regulation in non-cancerous breast pathologies is still poorly defined. The purpose of the present study was to determine levels of plasminogen and its proteolytic fragments (angiostatins) in mammary dysplasia (mastopathy and breast cyst) and benign neoplasms (fibroadenomas). Plasminogen and angiostatins were analyzed using immunoblotting and quantified by densitometric scanning. The significant increase in plasminogen levels was found in fibrocystic, cysts, and non-proliferatious fibroadenoma masses (4.7-, 3.7-, and 3.5-fold, respectively) compared to healthy breast tissues (control). In the same benign lesions, 6.7-, 4-, and 3.7-fold increase in plasminogen 50 kDa fragment (angiostatin) levels as compared with control were also observed. Activation of matrix metalloproteinase-9, which was detected using gelatine zymography, could be responsible for plasminogen cleavage and abundance of angiostatin in fibrocystic and cyst masses. In contrast, dramatic decrease of both plasminogen and angiostatin levels (3.8- and 5.3-folds, respectively) was shown in tissues of proliferatious form of fibroadenoma in comparison with that of the dormant type of this neoplasm. Based on the obtained results, we concluded that angiostatin, a potent vessel growth inhibitor and anti-inflammatory molecule, can play a crucial role in pathophysiology of non-cancerous breast diseases. Further studies are needed to evaluate potential diagnostic and clinical implications of these proteins for prediction and therapy of benign breast pathologies.