Tag Archives: calix[4]arenes

Cаlіx[4]аrene С-956 is effective inhibitor of Н(+)-Сa(2+)-exchanger in smooth muscle mitochondria

G. V. Danylovych1, О. V. Kоlomiets1, Yu. V. Danylovych1, R. V. Rodik2, V. I. Kаlchenko2, S. О. Kоsterin1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: danylovych@biochem.kiev.ua;
2Institute of Organic Chemistry, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv

It was shown that calix[4]arene C-956 exhibited a pronounced concentration-dependent (10-100 μM) inhibitory effect on the H+-Ca2+-exchanger of the inner mitochondrial membrane of rat uterine myocytes (Ki 35.1 ± 7.9 μM). The inhibitory effect of calix[4]arene C-956 was accompanied by a decrease in the initial rate (V0) and an increase in the magnitude of the characteristic time (τ1/2) of the ΔрН-induced Са2+ release. At the same time, it did not affect the potential-dependent accumulation of Ca2+ in mitochondria. Thus, the action of calix[4]arene C-956 might be directed on increasing the concentration of Ca ions in the mitochondrial matrix. The calculation of basic kinetic parameters of the Ca2+ transport from isolated organelles (in the case of its non-zero stationary level), based on changes in fluorescence of Ca2+-sensitive dye Fluo-4 AM in mitochondria was performed. The proposed approach can be used for the kinetic analysis of the exponential decrease of the fluorescence response of any probes under the same experimental conditions.

Changes in polarization of myometrial cells plasma and internal mitochondrial membranes under calixarenes action as inhibitors of plasma membrane Na(+), K(+)-ATPase

G. V. Danylovych1, Yu. V. Danylovych1, O. V. Kolomiets1,
S. O. Kosterin1, R. V. Rodik2, S. O. Cherenok2, V. I. Kalchenko2,
A. Ju. Сhunikhin1, V. F. Gorchev1, S. A. Karakhim1

1Palladine Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv
2Institute of Organic Chemistry, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv
e-mail: danylovych@biochem.kiev.ua;  vik@bpci.kiev.ua

The influence of supramolecular macrocyc­lic compounds – calix[4]arenes C-97, C-99, C-107, which are ouabainomymetic high affinity inhibitors of Na+, K+-ATPase, on the polarization level of plasmic and mitochondrial membranes of rat uterine smooth muscle cells was investigated. The influence of these compounds on the myocytes characteristic size was studied.
By using a confocal microscopy and specific for mitochondrial MitoTracker Orange CM H2TMRos­ dye it was proved that the potential-sensitive fluorescent probe DiOC6(3) interacts with mitochondria. Artificial potential collapse of plasmic membrane in this case was modeled by myocytes preincubation with ouabain (1 mM).
Further experiments performed using the method of flow cytometry with DiOC6(3) have shown that the compounds C-97, C-99 and C-107 at concentration 50-100 nM caused depolarization of the plasma membrane (at the level of 30% relative to control values) in conditions of artificial collapse of mitochondrial potential by myocytes preincubation in the presence of 5 mM of sodium azide.
Under artificial sarcolemma depolarization by ouabain, calixarenes C-97, C-99 and C-107 at 100 nM concentrations caused a transient increase of mitochondrial membrane potential, that is 40% of the control level and lasted about 5 minutes. Calixarenes C-99 and C-107 caused a significant increase in fluorescence of myocytes in these conditions, which was confirmed by confocal microscopy too.
It was proved by photon correlation spectroscopy method that the C-99 and C-107 caused an increase of characteristic size of myocytes.

The inhibitory influence of calix[4]arene of C-90 on the activity of Ca(2+),Mg(2+)-ATPases in plasma membrane and sarcoplasmic reticulum in myometrium сells

 T. O. Veklich

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry,National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: veklich@biochem.kiev.ua

Our study on the plasma membrane vesicles and myometrium cells treated with 0.1% digitonin showed that inhibitory effect of calix[4]arene C-90 (5,11,17,23-tetra(trifluoro)methyl(phenylsulphonylimino)-methylamino-25,26,27,28-tetrapropoxy-calix[4]arene) on the plasma membrane Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase was more significant than on the Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase in sarcoplasmic reticulum (the inhibition coefficient I0.5 values were 20.2 ± 0.5 µM and 57.0 ± 1.4 µM for the plasma membrane Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase and Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase in sarcoplasmic reticulum, respectively (n = 5)). Inhibition kinetics of calix[4]arene C-90 effect on the Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase activities in plasma membrane and sarcoplasmic reticulum were studied. This substance inhibited both pumps as complete noncompetitive inhibitor. Calix[4]arene C-90 caused the increase of intracellular Ca2+ concentration and decrease of hydrodynamic diameter in smooth muscle cells similar to the action of uterotonic drug oxytocin.

Kinetic regularities of calixarene C-90 action on the myometrial plasma membrane Ca(2+),Mg(2+)-ATPase activity and on the Ca(2+) concentration in unexcited сells of the myometrium

T. O. Veklich1, A. A. Shkrabak1, Yu. Yu. Mazur1, R. V. Rodik2,
V. I. Boyko2, V. I. Kalchenko2, S. O. Kosterin1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2Institute of Organic Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: kinet@biochem.kiev.ua; vik@ioch.kiev.ua

Plasma membrane Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase is an important element of general myometrium tonus control mechanism, which also makes a contribution to muscle tension relaxation after its contraction. Expiriments were done on the myometrial cell plasma membrane suspension, which was treated with 0.1% digitonin solution. The authors have investigated the inhibitory action of calix[4]arene C-90 (5,11,17,23-tetra(trifluor)methyl(phenylsulphonylimino)-methylamino-25,26,27,28-tetra propoxi-calix[4]arene) on the Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase activity (the magnitude of І0.5 was 20.2 ± 0.5 mkM). The inhibitory action of calix[4]arene C-90 on the activity of Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase is explained as cooperative action of four trifluormethyl(phenylsulfonylimino)methylamino groups that are spatially oriented on the calix[4]-arene base rather than with the action of tetraphenol macrocycle or separate pharmacophore sulphonilamidin groups. Conside­ring established kinetic pattern of calix[4]arene C-90 inhibitory action on the plasma membrane Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase­ activity, stationary kinetical model of basal calcium concentration control in unexcited uterus myocytes was develo­ped. It is assumed that obtained results may be promising for creation of new generation (“supramolecular”) pharmacological agent – uterus basal tonus stimulator – on the base of calix[4]arene C-90.

Furin inhibitors based on the derivatives of calix[4]arene CX3im

V. K. Kibirev1, T. V. Osadchuk2, R. V. Rodik3, V. I. Kalchenko3

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: kibirev@biochem.kiev.ua;
2Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry, National Academy
of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
3Institute of Organic Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

The aim of this work was to study antifurin activity of some derivatives of calix[4]arenes modified on the upper rim of the macrocycle by positively charged or uncharged groups. It was found that calixarene CX3im­ derivatives containing positively charged N-methylimidazolium cycles were indeed able to inhibit furin (Ki = 58.2 μM). The magnitude of the effects depended also on the hydrophobicity of the substituents located on the lower rim of the macrocycle. The  findings indicated the possibility of creating furin inhibitors of new generation based on the calix[4]arene platform.

Kinetics of inhibitory effect of calix[4]arene С-90 on activity of transporting plasma membrane Cа(2+),Mg(2+)-ATPase of smooth muscle cells

T. O. Veklich1, A. A. Shkrabak1, Yu. Yu. Mazur1,
R. V. Rodik2, V. I. Kalchenko2, S. O. Kosterin1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2Institute of Organic Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: kinet@biochem.kiev.ua; vik@ioch.kiev.ua

In experiments on the suspension of myometrium cell plasma membrane, processed by 0.1% digitonin, the inhibitory action of calix[4]arene C-90 (5,11,17,23-tetra(threeftor)methyl(phenilsulphonilimino)-methylamino-25,26, 27,28-tetrapropoxy-calix[4]arene) on the activi­ty of Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase was investigated. The authors also examined the influence of calix[4]arene in different concentration on affinity of enzyme (Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase) for the ATP and ions of Mg and Ca, and its influence on cooperative effect and maximum velocity of ATP hydrolysis. It is shown that calix[4]arene does not influence the affinity of Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase for the ATP, which means that these two compounds have different binding centers­. Also calix[4]arene has no influence on affinity and cooperative effect of Ca ions, if it is used in concentration lower than 50 µM. Calix[4]arene slightly increases coefficient of Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase activation by magnesium chloride. In all three cases, where ATP, Mg and Ca ions are used to test the impact of calix[4]arene, maximum velocity of ATP hydrolysis significantly decreases. All these results clarify that calix[4]arene implements its inhibitory action through mechanism of uncompetitive inhibition of Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase activity.