Tag Archives: insulin-like growth factor

Activation of the PI3K/AKT/MTOR/P70S6K1 signaling cascade in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in patients with type 2 diabetes

T. S. Vatseba1*, L. K. Sokolova2, V. M. Pushkarev2,
O. I. Kovzun2, B. B. Guda2, V. V. Pushkarev2,
M. D. Tronko2, N. V. Skrypnyk1, L. M. Zaiats1

1Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine;
2SI “V.P. Komisarenko Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism of NAMS of Ukraine”, Kyiv;
*e-mail: tamara.vatseba@gmail.com

Received: 17 April 2020; Accepted: 13 November 2020

Modern research shows that patients with diabetes mellitus have an increased risk of cancer. PI3K/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K1 signaling pathway plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cancer and diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine the state of РІ3K/Akt/mTORC1/p70S6K signaling cascade activity in peripheral mononuclear blood cells (PBMC) of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) relatively to the insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) concentrations in blood plasma. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to examine the levels of insulin and IGF-1 in blood plasma as well as the content of phosphorylated forms of Akt (Ser473), PRAS40 (Thr246), and p70S6K (Thr389) in PMBC. It was shown that in the blood plasma of patients with T2D the levels of insulin and IGF-1 were increased. Phosphorylation and activation of Akt by the mTORC2 protein kinase complex was not observed. At the same time, the relative degree of phosphorylation of mTORC1 inhibitor, PRAS40, and its substrate, p70S6K, was higher in PMBC of T2D patients in comparison with control values. These data suggest that phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) and, possibly, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) could mediate the effects of IGF-1 on Akt activation under type 2 diabetes.

Profiling of metabolic biomarkers in the serum of prostate cancer patients

F. Ali1, S. Akram1, S. Niaz1,2, N. Wajid1

1Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (IMBB) & Centre for Research In Molecular Medicine (CRIMM), The University of Lahore, Raiwind Road Lahore, Pakistan;
2Social Security Hospital Multan Chungi, Multan Road, Lahore;
e-mail: Fatima.ali@imbb.uol.edu.pk; fatemei.ali@gmail.com

Received: 26 July 2019; Accepted: 29 November 2019

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the major cause of the death of men population globally. Multiple factors are involved in the initiation and progression of PCa. This study aimed to evaluate different metabolic parameters in the serum of PCa patients. Males of 50 years and above age with the recent diagnosis of PCa (digital rectal examination, and elevated serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level) were included in the study. Glucose and serum electrolytes level, lactate dehydrogenase activity, parameters of lipid metabolism and liver and kidney functioning were measured on a fully automated analyzer using standard reagent kits. Oxidative stress was evaluated by measuring MDA, CAT, GSH, and SOD in serum. Detection of C-reactive protein (CRP), insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was performed by immunoassay. It was shown that serum glucose and HDL levels were lower while total cholesterol, LDL and triglyceride levels were significantly higher in PCa group than in the control group. PCa patients had an elevated level of liver and kidney functional markers. Comparison of the oxidative stress markers in patient and control groups showed significant difference. It was detected that serum levels of CRP, IGF-1 and VEGF were significantly higher in PCa group, compared the control to group (P < 0.05). Low level of glucose and dyslipidemia indices in prostate cancer patients indicated metabolic changes and demonstrated the importance of multiple parameters analysis (free PSA, dyslipidemia, VEGF, IGF-1, CRP, and oxidative stress markers) for early PCa diagnostics.