Ukr.Biochem.J. 2020; Volume 92, Issue 6, Nov-Dec, pp. 113-118


Activation of the PI3K/AKT/MTOR/P70S6K1 signaling cascade in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in patients with type 2 diabetes

T. S. Vatseba1*, L. K. Sokolova2, V. M. Pushkarev2,
O. I. Kovzun2, B. B. Guda2, V. V. Pushkarev2,
M. D. Tronko2, N. V. Skrypnyk1, L. M. Zaiats1

1Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine;
2SI “V.P. Komisarenko Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism of NAMS of Ukraine”, Kyiv;

Received: 17 April 2020; Accepted: 13 November 2020

Modern research shows that patients with diabetes mellitus have an increased risk of cancer. PI3K/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K1 signaling pathway plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cancer and diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine the state of РІ3K/Akt/mTORC1/p70S6K signaling cascade activity in peripheral mononuclear blood cells (PBMC) of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) relatively to the insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) concentrations in blood plasma. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to examine the levels of insulin and IGF-1 in blood plasma as well as the content of phosphorylated forms of Akt (Ser473), PRAS40 (Thr246), and p70S6K (Thr389) in PMBC. It was shown that in the blood plasma of patients with T2D the levels of insulin and IGF-1 were increased. Phosphorylation and activation of Akt by the mTORC2 protein kinase complex was not observed. At the same time, the relative degree of phosphorylation of mTORC1 inhibitor, PRAS40, and its substrate, p70S6K, was higher in PMBC of T2D patients in comparison with control values. These data suggest that phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) and, possibly, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) could mediate the effects of IGF-1 on Akt activation under type 2 diabetes.

Keywords: , , , , , ,


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