Tag Archives: Nobel Prize

Scientific investigations of the Nobel prize winner Emil Fischer as a launching pad for the development of biochemistry: a brief overview

T. V. Danylova1, S. V. Komisarenko2

1National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: danilova_tv@ukr.net;
2Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: svk@biochem.kiev.ua

Modern biochemistry and molecular biology would be impossible without discoveries in related fields of science. This paper aims to outline briefly the main stages of scientific activity of a Nobel Prize winner 1902 – German chemist Hermann Emil Fischer, one of the leading chemists of all times. Emil Fischer was a brilliant multifaceted scientist who left his mark in organic chemistry, physiology, medicine, gave impetus to the development of biochemistry. His insights into the structures of sugars, enzymes, proteins, and purines have become a launching pad for the further development of biochemistry and molecular biology. His contribution to the natural sciences was immense; some chemical reactions and concepts were named after him. This prominent scientist was honored with a number of awards.

Alfred Bernhard Nobel and the Nobel prize

V. M. Danilova, R. P. Vinogradova, S. V. Komisarenko

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: valdan@biochem.kiev.ua

The great number of pages has been written about Alfred Nobel and his Prize in various languages all over the world, but in this article we elucidated only two issues: what kind of person was Alfred Nobel – this phenomenon in experimental chemistry, doctor of philosophy, academician, who had no higher education, the founder of the fund for rewarding with the prize named after him, and what kind of award is the Nobel Prize, how is it awarded and how this Prize influences the trend of science marked with this award.
The answer to the question why Nobel Prizes are unique and most prestigious ones may be as follows: they were introduced timely, and they define fundamental historical changes in society. The Nobel Committee activities actually direct scientists, writers and public figures to work throughout the year for the sake of society development, for the sake of progress common to all mankind.