Ukr.Biochem.J. 2018; Volume 90, Issue 4, Jul-Aug, pp. 121-134


Alfred Bernhard Nobel and the Nobel prize

V. M. Danilova, R. P. Vinogradova, S. V. Komisarenko

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;

The great number of pages has been written about Alfred Nobel and his Prize in various languages all over the world, but in this article we elucidated only two issues: what kind of person was Alfred Nobel – this phenomenon in experimental chemistry, doctor of philosophy, academician, who had no higher education, the founder of the fund for rewarding with the prize named after him, and what kind of award is the Nobel Prize, how is it awarded and how this Prize influences the trend of science marked with this award.
The answer to the question why Nobel Prizes are unique and most prestigious ones may be as follows: they were introduced timely, and they define fundamental historical changes in society. The Nobel Committee activities actually direct scientists, writers and public figures to work throughout the year for the sake of society development, for the sake of progress common to all mankind.

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