Tag Archives: reactive oxygen species

The effect of ATP-dependent K(+)-channel opener on transmembrane potassium exchange and reactive oxygen species production upon the opening of mitochondrial pore

O. V. Akopova, L. I. Kolchinskaya, V. I. Nosar, V. A. Bouryi, I. N. Mankovska, V. F. Sagach

Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: a-dubensky@mail.ru

The effect of mitochondrial ATP-dependent K+-channel (K+ATP-channel) opener diazoxide (DZ) on transmembrane potassium exchange and reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation under the opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) was studied in rat liver mitochondria. The activation of K+-cycling (K+-uptake and K+/H+-exchange) by DZ was established with peak effect at ≤500 nM. It was shown that MPTP opening as well resulted in the activation of K+-cycling together with simultaneous activation of Ca2+-cycle in mitochondria. In the absence of depolarization Ca2+-cycle is supported by MPTP and Ca2+-uniporter. The stimulation of K+/H+-exchange by MPTP opening led to the activation of K+-cycle, but further activation of K+/H+-exchange resulted in MPTP inhibition. Under the same conditions the decrease in mitochondrial ROS production was observed. It was proposed that the decrease in ROS formation together with K++-exchange activation could be the constituents of the complex effect of MPTP inhibition induced by K+ATP-channel opener.

Metalloproteins during development of Walker-256 carcinosarcoma resistant phenotype

V. F. Chekhun, Yu. V. Lozovska, A. P. Burlaka, I. I. Ganusevich,
Yu. V. Shvets, N. Yu. Lukianova, I. M. Todor, D. V. Demash,
A. A. Pavlova, L. A. Naleskina

R. E. Kavetsky Institute of Experimental Pathology, Oncology and Radiobiology,
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mial: Lozovskaya.2012@mail.ru

The study was focused on the detection of changes in serum and tumor metal-containing proteins in animals during development of doxorubicin-resistant phenotype in malignant cells after 12 courses of chemotherapy. We found that on every stage of resistance development there was a significant increase in content of ferritin and transferrin proteins (which take part in iron traffick and storage) in Walker-256 carcinosarcoma tissue. We observed decreased serum ferritin levels at the beginning stage of the resistance development and significant elevation of this protein levels in the cases with fully developed resistance phenotype. Transferrin content showed changes opposite to that of ferritin. During the development of resistance phenotype the tumor tissue also exhibited increased ‘free iron’ concentration that putatively correlate with elevation of ROS generation and levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 active forms. The tumor non-protein  thiol content increases gradually as well. The serum of animals with early stages of resistance phenotype development showed high ceruloplasmin activity and its significant reduction after loss of tumor sensitivity to doxorubicin. Therefore, the development of resistance phenotype in Walker-256 carcinosarcoma is accompanied by both the deregulation of metal-containing proteins in serum and tumor tissue and by the changes in activity of antioxidant defense system. Thus, the results of this study allow us to determine the spectrum of metal-containing proteins that are involved in the development of resistant tumor phenotype and that may be targeted for methods for doxorubicin sensitivity correction therapy.

Role of Ca ions in the induction of heat-resistance of wheat coleoptiles by brassinosteroids

Yu. E. Kolupaev1, A. A. Vayner1, T. O. Yastreb1, A. I. Oboznyi1, V. A. Khripach2

1V. V. Dokuchaev Kharkiv National Agrarian University, Ukraine;
e-mail: plant_biology@mail.ru;
2Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus;
e-mail: khripach@iboch.bas-net.by

The involvement of Ca2+ into the signal transduction of exogenous brassinosteroids (BS) (24-epibrassinolide – 24-EBL and 24-epicastasterone – 24 ECS) causing the increase of heat resistance of the cells of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) coleoptiles was investigated using calcium chelator EGTA and inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C – neomycin. Twenty-four-hour treatment of coleoptile segments with 10 nM solutions of 24-EBL and 24-ECS led to a transient increase in the generation of superoxide anion radical by cell surface and the subsequent activation of superoxide dismutase and catalase. Pretreatment of coleoptiles with EGTA and neomycin depressed to a considerable extent these effects and leveled the increase in heat resistance of wheat coleoptiles that were caused by BS. Possible mechanisms of involvement of calcium signaling into the formation of reactive oxygen species in plant cells and induction of heat resistance of plant cells by the action of exogenous BS have been discussed.