Tag Archives: ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase

Activity of respiratory chain cytochrome complexes and cytochromes content in the rat kidney mitochondria under different nutrients content in a diet

H. P. Kopylchuk, O. M. Voloshchuk*

Educational and Scientific Institute of Biology, Chemistry and Natural Resources,
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Chernivtsi, Ukraine;
*e-mail: o.voloschuk@chnu.edu.ua

Received: 07 February 2023; Revised: 17 March 2023;
Accepted: 13 April 2023; Available on-line: 27 April 2023

An important role in ensuring the functioning of the respiratory chain belongs to the cytochrome part, which includes complexes III (ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase) and IV (cytochrome c oxidase). The key components of these enzymatic complexes are heme-containing cytochromes, the number of which depends on the balance of heme synthesis and catabolism. δ-Aminolevulinate synthase catalyzes the first step of the heme biosynthetic pathway, while heme oxygenase is the key enzyme of heme degradation. It is known that nutritional imbalances drive many risk factors for chronic kidney disease. That is why our research aimed to study the activity of ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase and cytochrome oxidase complexes, the level of cytochromes a+a3, b, c, and c1, and the activity of key enzymes of heme metabolism in the mitochondria of rat kidneys under conditions of different content of protein and sucrose in animal diet. The obtained results showed a decreased activity of ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase and cytochrome oxidase complexes and reduced levels of mitochondria cytochromes a+a3, b, c, and c1 in the kidney mitochondria under the conditions of nutrient imbalance, with the most pronounced changes found in animals kept on a low-protein/high-sucrose diet. A decrease in δ-aminolevulinate synthase activity with a simultaneous 2-fold increase in heme oxygenase activity was found in kidney mitochondria of animals kept on a low-protein/high-sucrose diet compared to those kept on full-value diet indicating an intensification of heme catabolism along with inhibition of its synthesis. The obtained results testify the energy imbalance under the conditions of low-protein/high-sucrose which in turn can lead to the progression of kidney injury.