Ukr.Biochem.J. 2015; Volume 87, Issue 6, Nov-Dec, pp. 52-63


Effect of hypoxia on the expression of genes that encode some IGFBP and CCN proteins in U87 glioma cells depends on IRE1 signaling

O. H. Minchenko1, A. P. Kharkova1, D. O. Minchenko1,2, L. L. Karbovskyi1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy
of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2Bohomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine

We have studied hypoxic regulation of the expression of different insulin-like growth factor binding­ protein genes in U87 glioma cells in relation to inhibition of IRE1 (inositol requiring enzyme-1), a central mediator of endoplasmic reticulum stress, which controls cell proliferation and tumor growth. We have de­monstrated that hypoxia leads to up-regulation of the expression of IGFBP6, IGFBP7, IGFBP10/CYR61, WISP1, and WISP2 genes and down-regulation – of IGFBP9/NOV gene at the mRNA level in control glioma cells, being more significant changes for IGFBP10/CYR61 and WISP2 genes. At the same time, inhibition of IRE1 modifies the effect of hypoxia on the expression of all studied genes: eliminates sensitivity to hypoxia the expression of IGFBP7 and IGFBP9/NOV genes, suppresses effect of hypoxia on IGFBP6, IGFBP10/CYR61, and WISP2 genes, and slightly enhances hypoxic regulation of WISP1 gene expression in glioma cells. We have also demonstrated that the expression of all studied genes in glioma cells is regulated by IRE1 signaling enzyme upon normoxic condition, because inhibition of IRE1 significantly up-regulates IGFBP7, IGFBP10/CYR61, WISP1, and WISP2 genes and down-regulates IGFBP6 and IGFBP9/NOV genes as compared to control glioma cells. The present study demonstrates that hypoxia, which contributes to tumor growth, affects all studied IGFBP and WISP gene expressions and that inhibition of IRE1 preferentially abolishes or suppresses the hypoxic regulation of these gene expressions and thus possibly contributes to slower glioma growth. Moreover, inhibition of IRE1, which correlates with suppression of cell proliferation and glioma growth, is down-regulated  expression of pro-proliferative IGFBP genes, attesting to the fact that endoplasmic reticulum stress is a necessary component of malignant tumor growth.

Keywords: , , , , , , , , , ,


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