Tag Archives: doxorubicin

Impact of N-acetylcysteine on antitumor activity of doxorubicin and landomycin A in NK/Ly lymphoma-bearing mice

Yu. S. Kozak1, R. R. Panchuk2, N. R. Skorokhyd2, L. V. Lehka2, R. S. Stoika1,2

 1Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine;
2Іnstitute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv;
e-mail: stoika@cellbiol.lviv.ua

N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a dietary supplement demonstrating antioxidant and liver protecting effects that is widely used in clinics. NAC is considered to possess potential therapeutic activity for health disorders characterized by generation of free oxygen radicals, as well as potential for decreasing negative side effects of various drugs. However, the mechanisms of such tissue-protective actions of NAC remain poorly understood. The main aim of this work was to study therapeutic effects of NAC applied together with the “gold standard” of chemotherapy doxorubicin (Dx) or the novel experimental drug landomycin A (LA) to mice bearing NK/Ly lymphoma. It was revealed that NAC significantly decreased the nephrotoxicity of Dx (measured as creatinine level), possessed moderate immunomodulating activity (as revealed by an increase in number of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes), and partially increased survival of NK/Ly lymphoma-bearing animals treated with Dx. On the contrary, there was little tissue-protective effect of NAC towards LA due to the weak side effects of this anticancer drug, however, the combined use of NAC and LA significantly increased survival (60+ days) of LA-treated animals with NK/Ly lymphoma. Summarizing, NAC possesses a moderate tissue-protective activity towards Dx action but lacks a major therapeutic effect. However, in the case of LA action, NAC significantly increases its anticancer activity with no impact on its negative side effects. Further studies of the molecular mechanisms underlying that activity of NAC towards the action of LA are in progress.

Evaluation of antiproliferative activity of pyrazolothiazolopyrimidine derivatives

N. S. Finiuk1,2, Yu. V. Ostapiuk2, V. P. Hreniukh2, Ya. R. Shalai2,
V. S. Matiychuk2, M. D. Obushak2, R.S. Stoika1*, A. M. Babsky2**

1Institute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv;
2Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine;
*e-mail: stoika@cellbiol.lviv.ua; **e-mail: andriy.babsky@lnu.edu.ua

The research aim was to test cytotoxic effects in vitro of seven novel pyrazolothiazolopyrimidine derivatives in targeting several lines of tumor and pseudo-normal mammalian cells. We demonstrated that cytotoxic effects of these derivatives depended on the tissue origin of targeted cells. Leukemia cells were found to be the most sensitive to the action of compounds 2 and 7. Compound 2 demonstrated approximately two times higher toxicity towards the multidrug-resistant sub-line of HL-60/ADR cells compared to the Doxorubicin effect. Antiproliferative action of compounds 2 and 7 dropped in the order: leukemia > melanoma > hepatocarcinoma > glioblastoma > colon carcinoma > breast and ovarian carcinoma cells. These compounds were less toxic than Doxorubicin towards the non-tumor cells. The novel pyrazolothiazolopyrimidine, compound 2, demonstrated high toxicity towards human leukemia and, of special importance, towards multidrug-resistant leukemia cells, and low toxicity towards pseudo-normal cells.

Antioxidative effect of the N-stearoylethanolamine in the heart tissue and blood plasma of rats under doxorubicin treatment

I. A. Goudz, N. M. Gula, T. O. Khmel, T. M. Goridko, A. G. Berdyshev

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: ngula@biochem.kiev.ua

The influence of N-stearoylethanolamine on the alterated antioxidant enzyme activity in the heart tissue and blood plasma of rats under the doxorubicin treatment was investigated.  It was shown that doxorubicin administration caused the decrease of antioxidant enzymes activity (superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase) in the heart tissue. Administration of the NSE promoted the partial normalization of these enzymes activity. It was shown that doxorubicin treatment caused the increase of the urea and creatinine level in the blood plasma of experimental animals.  The NSE administration normalized the level of the urea and did not affect creatinine level.

Indicators of oxidative and nitrosative stress and activity of enzymes of nitric oxide metabolism in rats treated with 4-thiazolidinone derivatives possessing antineoplastic activity

L. I. Kоbylinska1, R. R. Panchuk2, R. B. Lesyk1,
B. S. Zіmenkovsky1, R. S. Stoika2

1Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Ukraine;
2Institute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv;
e-mail: lesya8@gmail.com

Principal ways of generation and function of free oxygen and nitrogen radical metabolites, as well as the ways of their bio-neutralization in rats treated with potential anticancer drugs have been discussed. Three isatin-pyrazoline 4-thiazolidinone conjugates – Les-3288, Les-3833 and Les-3882 – were selected as the most perspective antineoplastic agents. Since the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species are responsible for negative side effects of many anticancer drugs, we measured the indicators of the oxidative and nitrosative stress and the activity of enzymes of the nitric oxide metabolism in blood of rats treated with such compounds. It was found that both Les-3833 and doxorubicin used as a positive control increased the level of specific indicators of the oxidative and nitrosative stress, while Les-3288 and Les-3882 did not cause a significant elevation in ROS content. There were no big changes in the activity of either iNO-synthase or NO-reductase under the action of doxorubicin, while Les-3288 and Les-3882 induced a decrease in the activi­ty of iNO-synthase, and Les-3288 induced a decrease in the activity of NO-reductase. Thus, the content of low molecular weight indicators of the oxidative and nitrosative stress in blood of rats is of higher informative value than the level of activity of enzymes of the nitric oxide metabolism at the action of such toxic agents as anticancer drugs. These indicators should be used for assessment of toxic damage of tissues and organs by the anticancer drugs.

Modulation of temozolomide action towards rat and human glioblastoma cells in vitro by its combination with doxorubicin and immobilization with nanoscale polymeric carrier

N. S. Finiuk1, J. V. Senkiv1, A. O. Riabtseva2,
N. Y. Mitina2, N. I. Molochii1, M. O. Kitsera1,
S. S. Avdieiev3, O. S. Zaichenko2, R. S. Stoika1

1Institute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Lviv;
2Lviv National Polytechnic University, Ukraine;
3Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics, National Academy
of Science of Ukraine, Ukraine;
е-mail: stoika@cellbiol.lviv.ua

Malignant gliomas (glioblastoma multiforme and anaplastic astrocytoma) occur more frequently than other types of primary central nervous system tumors, having a combined incidence of 5–8/100,000 population. Even with aggressive treatment using surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, median reported survival is less than one year. Alkylating agents, such as temozolomide (TMZ), are among the most effective cytotoxic agents used for malignant gliomas, however, the responses still remain poor. Here, we present data about an enhancement of TMZ treatment effect towards rat and human glioma cells in vitro by immobilizing this drug with a new nanoscale polymeric-phospholipidic delivery system. It is a water-soluble comb-like poly(PM-co-GMA)-graft-PEG polymer consisting of a backbone that is a copolymer of 5-tert-butyl-peroxy-5-methyl-l-hexene-3-yne (PM) and glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) side chains. The molecular weight of the carrier was 94,000 g/mol. Conjugation of TMZ with a novel polymeric carrier functionalized with phosphatidylcholine resulted in approximately 2 times enhancement of anticancer activity of TMZ. Combining of TMZ with doxorubicin (50 nM) resulted in further enhancement by 23% of the anti-proliferative effect of TMZ. TMZ caused apoptosis in glioma cells via activation of MAPK signaling pathway, inhibition of STAT3, and affected a transition through G2/M phase of cell cycle. These features make the novel nano-formulation of TMZ a perspective strategy for further development of this drug.

Antitoxical effects of N-stearoylethanolamine in suspension and in nanocomposite complex in the organs of mice with the Lewis carcinoma under doxorubicin administration

I. A. Goudz1, N. M. Gula1, T. O. Khmel1, T. M. Goridko1, Y. M. Bashta1,
R. R. Panchuk2, R. S. Stoika2, A. A. Ryabtseva3, O. S. Zaichenko3

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: ngula@biochem.kiev.ua;
2Institute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv;
3National University Lviv Politekhnika, Ukraine

The antioxidant effects of N-stearoylethanolamine (NSE) in the nanocomplex composition and in suspension are shown on the model of intoxication by doxorubicin in conditions of development of the Lewis carcinoma in the heart, kidneys and liver tissue and in the blood plasma of female mice. The NSE suspension reduces the level of urea in the blood plasma of mice with the Lewis carcinoma, which growth was revealed as a result of introduction of doxorubicin. Under introduction of nanocomplex the amount of urea remains at the level of that in the intact mice. In the blood plasma of mice with the Lewis carcinoma the NSE suspension and nanocomplex reduce activity of aspartate aminotransferase, the basic marker of necrosis of the heart tissue, growth of which was caused by the tumour development. Doxorubicinum increases activity of alanine aminotransferase, the marker of the liver lesion; introduction of NSE in the nanocomplex composition prevents the growth of the enzyme activity. N-stearoylethanolamine, both in the nanocomplex and in suspension, modulates activity of enzymes of antioxidantive protection of the heart, kidney and liver tissue of mice with the Lewis carcinoma.

Remodulating effect of doxorubicin on the state of iron-containing proteins, and redox characteristics of tumor with allowance for its sensitivity to cytostatic agents

V. F. Chekhun, Yu. V. Lozovska, A. P. Burlaka,
I. I. Ganusevich, Yu. V. Shvets, N. Yu. Lukyanova,
I. M. Todor, N. A. Tregubova, L. A. Naleskina

R. E. Kavetsky Institute of Experimental Pathology, Oncology
and Radiobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: Lozovskaya.2012@mail.ru

The study was aimed at determining the changes of metal-containing proteins in blood serum and tumor tissue of animals with parental and doxorubicin-resistant strains of Walker-256 carcinosarcoma before and after the cytostatic administration. It has been shown that upon doxorubicin action the levels of total iron and transferrin in the tissues from the both groups of animals decreased while that of ferritine simultaneously increased with more pronounced pattern in the group of animals with resistant tumor strain. It has been shown that upon the action of doxorubicin in tumor tissue of animals with different sensitivity to the cytostatic there could be observed oppositely directed changes in the redox state of these cells that in turn determined the content of “free iron” complexes, ROS generation and concentration of active forms of matrix metaloproteinase-2 and matrix metaloproteinase-9, namely, the increase of these indexes in animals with parental strain and their decrease in animals with the resistant one. So, our study has demonstrated the remodulating effect of doxorubicin on the state of metal-containing proteins and redox characteristics of tumor dependent on its sensitivity to cytostatic, at the levels of the tumor and an organism. These data may serve as a criterion for the development of programs for the correction of malfunction of iron metabolism aimed at elevating tumor sensitivity to cytostatic agents.

Biochemical indicators of nephrotoxicity in blood serum of rats treated with novel 4-thiazolidinone derivatives or their complexes with polyethylene glycol-containing nanoscale polymeric carrier

L. I. Kоbylinska1, D. Ya. Havrylyuk1, N. E. Mitina2, A. S. Zаichenko2,
R. B. Lesyk1, B. S. Zіmenkovsky1, R. S. Stoika3

 1Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Ukraine;
e-mail: stoika@cellbiol.lviv.ua;
2Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine;
3Іnstitute of Cell Biology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv

The aim of this study was to compare the effect of new synthetic 4-thiazolidinone derivatives (potential anticancer compounds denoted as 3882, 3288 and 3833) and doxorubicin (positive control) in free form and in their complexes with synthetic polyethylene glycol-containing nanoscale polymeric carrier on the biochemical indicators of nephrotoxicity in blood serum of rats. The concentration of total protein, urea, creatinine, glucose, ions of sodium, potassium, calcium, iron and chloride was measured. It was found that after injection of the investigated compounds, the concentration of sodium cations and chloride anions in blood serum was increased compared with control (untreated animals). Doxorubicin’s injection was accompanied by a decrease in the concentration of iron cations. The concentration of total protein, urea and creatinine decreased under the influence of the studied compounds. Complexation of these аntineoplastic substances with a synthetic polymeric nanocarrier lowered the concentration of the investigated metabolites substantially compared to the effect of these compounds in free form. The normalization of concentration of total protein, urea and creatinine in blood serum of rats treated with complexes of the studied compounds with the polymeric carrier comparing with increased concentration of these indicators at the introduction of such compounds in free form was found.

Antitoxic and antioxidant effects of N-stearoylethanolamin in the content of nanocomposite complex with doxorubicin in organs of mice with Lewis carcinoma

E. A. Gudz1, N. M. Hula1, T. N. Goridko1, Y. M. Bashta1,
A. I. Voyeikov1, A. G. Berdyshev1, H. V. Kosiakova2,
R. R. Panchuk3, R. S. Stoika2, A. A. Ryabtseva3, O. S. Zaichenko3

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: ngula@biochem.kiev.ua;
2Institute Biology of Cell, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv;
3National University “Lvov Politekhnika”, Ukraine

The aim of the study was to evaluate the possibility to reduce the doxorubicin toxic effects by its immobilization with N-stearoylethanolamine (NSE) on nanocarier polyethylene glycol. The studied  parameters of the doxorubicin toxicity were: the level of creatinine in the mice blood plasma and activity of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase in the blood plasma of mice. The activity of catalase superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and intensity of lipid peroxidation was determined in the tissues of the heart, kidneys and liver. Doxorubicin in the content of nanocarrier alone caused an increase of serum creatinine and aspartateaminotrasferase activity in plasma of experimental animals with carcinoma. Nanocomposite which contained doxorubicin and NSE, did not cause an increase of these parameters. It has been shown that the administration of a carrier containing doxorubicin to mice with Lewis lung carcinoma caused the decrease of  catalase  activity in mice with carcinoma. The combination of NSE and doxorubicin on the carrier led to the normalization of this parameter to the level of intact animals. NSE immobilized on a carrier together with doxorubicin caused a decrease in the activity of superoxide dismutase in the kidney tissue of mice with tumor. The tumor growth caused the increase of the of superoxide dismutase in mice. The administration of a carrier which contained doxorubicin and NSE normalized superoxide dismutase in heart tissue contrary of kidney. The obtained results show the antitoxic and antioxidant effects of N-stearoylethanolamine immobilized in the nanocarrier complex together with doxorubicin.

Organ-specific antitoxic effects of N-stearoilethanolamine male mice with lewis carcinoma under indoxorubicin intoxication

E. A. Goudz, N. M. Gulа, T. N. Goridko, Y. N. Bashta, A. I. Voyeikov

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry,
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: ngula@biochem.kiev.ua

With the introduction of doxorubicin into mice with Lewis carcinoma in the heart and liver tissues and kidney the organ-antitoxic effects of N-stearoilethanolamine (NSE) were found, which depended on its concentration. Administration of doxorubicin to male mice leads to an increase in the level of urea and creatinine, as well as activation of ALT in blood plasma. Introduction of NSE resulted in normalization of these parameters to the level of intact animals. In the heart tissue  doxorubicin has multi-directional effects on the activity of antioxidant enzymes, in particular it decreases the activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase activity increases. Introduction of NSE normalizes these two indicators. It was found that tumor growth leads to an increase in the activity of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase. Introduction of NSE normalizes activity of these enzymes. Doxorubicin causes an increase in catalase activity in the kidney of mice with tumour, NSE prevented the increase in the activity of the above enzyme. The cancer process leads to increased levels of catalase activity in the liver of tumour-bearing mice, the introduction of NSE decreases the enzyme activity.