Tag Archives: myometrium

The relationship between the ionized Ca concentration and mitochondrial functions

L. G. Babich1, S. G. Shlykov1, A. M. Kushnarova-Vakal1, N. I. Kupynyak2, V. V. Manko2, V. P. Fomin3, S. O. Kosterin1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: babich@biochem.kiev.ua;
2Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine;
3University of Delaware, Newark, USA

The aim of the study was to show the relationships between ionized Ca concentration ([Ca2+]m) in the mitochondria matrix and functional activity of this organelle. [Ca2+]m was determined using the fluorescent probe Fluo-4, AM. Total level of Ca2+ accumulation in mitochondria was monitored using 45Ca2+ as radioactive tracer. It was shown that incubation of myometrium mitochondria with 3 mM Mg2+ resulted in the low level of [Ca2+]m. Subsequent addition of 100 µM Ca2+ resulted in 8 times increase of [Ca2+]m but in low level of total calcium accumulation. Normalized fluorescence of Ca2+-sensitive probe Fluo-4 in response to the Ca2+ addition was higher than 2.5. At the same time, [Ca2+]m was considerably higher in the medium containing­ 3 mМ АТР and 3 mМ Mg2+. Subsequent addition of 100 µM Ca2+ to the incubation medium resulted in only 2.4 times increase of [Ca2+]m but considerably higher level of total calcium accumulation was observed. Normali­zed fluorescence of Fluo-4 in response to the Ca2+ addition was lower than 1.3. In liver mitochondria higher rate of oxygen consumption was detected in the presence of an oxidative substrate succinate than of pyruvate or α-ketoglutarate. At the presence of an oxidative substrate succinate normalized fluorescence of Fluo-4 in liver mitochondria in response to the Ca2+ addition was lower than 1.3. It was concluded that low level of [Ca2+]m was correlated with low functional activity of this organelle and, vise versa, high level of [Ca2+]m was correlated with high functional activity. It was suggested that normalized fluorescence changes in response to the Са2+ addition could be used as a test of the mitochondrial functional activity: lower normalized fluorescence values − higher functional activity.

Ca(2+)-dependent regulation of the Ca(2+) concentration in the myometrium mitochondria. II. Ca(2+) effects on mitochondria membranes polarization and [Ca(2+)](m)

L. G. Babich, S. G. ShlykoV, A. M. Kushnarova, S. O. Kosterin

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: babich@biochem.kiev.ua

It is known that Ca2+ accumulation in the mitochondria undergoes complex regulation by Ca2+ itself. But the mechanisms of such regulation are still discussed. In this paper we have shown that Ca ions directly or indirectly regulate the level of myometrium mitochondria  membranes polarization.  The additions of 100 µM Ca2+ were accompanied by depolarization of the mitochondria membranes. The following experiments were designed to study the impact of Ca2+ on the myometrium mitochondria [Ca2+]m. Isolated myometrium mitochondria were preincubated without or with 10 μM Са2+ followed by 100 μM Са2+ addition. Experiments were conducted in three mediums: without ATP and Mg2+ (0-medium), in the presence of 3 mM Mg2+ (Mg-medium) and 3 mM Mg2+ + 3 mM ATP (Mg,ATP-medium). It was shown that the effects of 10 μM Са2+ addition were different in different mediums, namely in 0- and Mg-medium the [Ca2+]m values increased, whereas in Mg,ATP-medium statistically reliable changes were not registered. Preincubation of mitochondria with 10 μM Са2+ did not affect the [Ca2+]m value after the addition of 100 μM Са2+. The [Ca2+]m values after 100 μM Са2+ addition were the same in 0- and Mg,ATP-mediums and somewhat lower in Mg-medium. Preliminary incubation of mitochondria with 10 μM Са2+ in 0- and Mg-mediums reduced changes of Fluo 4 normalized fluorescence values that were induced by 100 μM Са2+ additions, but in Mg,ATP-medium such differences were not recorded. It is concluded that Са2+ exchange in myometrium mitochondria is regulated by the concentration of  Ca ions as in the external medium, so in the matrix of mitochondria. The medium composition had a significant impact on the [Са2+]m values in the absence of exogenous cation. It is suggested that light increase of [Са2+]m before the addition of 100 μM Са2+ may have a positive effect on the functional activity of the mitochondria.

Ca(2+)-dependent regulation of the Ca(2+) concentration in the myometrium mitochondria. I. Trifluoperazine effects on mitochondria membranes polarization and [Ca(2+)](m)

L. G. Babich, S. G. Shlykov, A. M. Kushnarova, S. O. Kosterin

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: babich@biochem.kiev.ua

Са2+-dependent regulation of Ca2+ exchange in mitochondria is carried out with participation of calmodulin. We have shown previously that calmodulin antagonists reduced the level of mitochondrial membrane polarization and induced increase of the ionized Са concentration in both the mitochondrial matrix and cell cytoplasm. The concentration-dependent  influence of trifluoperazine on the level of polarization of mitochondrial membranes has been shown in this work. The coordinates of the Hill graphs were used to calculate the constant K0.5 and the Hill coefficient. K0.5 was 24.4 ± 5 μM (n = 10). The Hill coefficient was 2.0 ± 0.2, indicating the presence of two centers of the trifluoperazine binding. We have also studied [Ca2+]m changes, when incubating mitochondria in mediums of different composition: without ATP and ions of Mg (0-medium), in the presence of 3 mM Mg (Mg-medium) and 3 mM Mg + 3 mM ATP (Mg,ATP-medium). It was shown that the composition of the incubation medium affected the [Ca2+]m values in the absence of exogenous Ca2+ and did not affect them in the presence of the latter. Preincubation of mitochondria in mediums of different composition with 25 μM trifluoperazine did not affect the [Ca2+]m values both before and after the addition of  100 µМ Са2+ to the  incubation medium. It was concluded, that trifluoperazine depolarized myometrial mitochondria membranes in concentration-dependent manner. However, mitochondria preincubation with 25 μM trifluope­razine accompanied by 50% decrease in membrane polarization did not affect the [Ca2+]m values.

The effect of calixarene C-107 on kinetic parameters of Nа(+),K(+)-АТРase of uterus myocyte plasma membrane

T. O. Veklich1, O. A. Shkrabak1, R. V. Rodik2,
V. I. Kalchenko2, S. O. Kosterin1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy
of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2Institute of Organic Chemistry, National Academy
of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: kinet@biochem.kiev.ua; vik@bpci.kiev.ua

The inhibitory action of calixarene C-107 (5,17-diamino(2-pyridyl)methylphosphono-11,23-di-tret-butyl-26,28-dihydroxy-25,27-dipropoxycalix[4]arene) on Na+,K+-ATPase activity kinetic properties of myometrium perforated plasma membrane was investigated. It has been shown that the calixarene C-107 inhibiting Na+,K+-ATPase does not change the kinetic parameters (Km, nH) of reaction velocity dependence on substrate concentration. The constant Ka of enzyme activation by MgCl2 has complex dependence on calixarene C-107 concentration: it increases twice with growth of calixarene concentration up to 50 nM and decreases to the control level with further growth of calixarene concentration. The Hill cooperativity coefficient nH of activation by MgCl2 does not vary in the presence of calixarene C-107. Both ATP and MgCl2 have no influence on Na+,K+-АТРase constant of inhibition by calixarene C-107, but an increase of concentration of the mentioned physiological compounds causes the growth of cooperativity coefficient nH of enzymatic reaction inhibition by calixaren C-107.

The calixarene C-107 increases the affinity of the Na(+),K(+)-АТРase activity in plasmatic membrane of smooth muscle cells to the ouabain

T. O. Veklich1, A. A. Shkrabak1, R. V. Rodik2,
V. I. Kalchenko2, S. O. Kosterin1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: kinet@biochem.kiev.ua;
2Institute of Organic Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: vik@ioch.kiev.ua

In the experiments carried out with the suspension of the myometrium cell plasmatic membranes treated with 0.1% digitonin solution we investigated the influence of сalixarene С-107 (5,17-diamino(2-pyridyl)methylphosphono-11,23-di-tret-butyl-26,28-dihydroxy-25,27-dipropoxycalix[4]arene) on the Nа+,K+-АТРase activity. It was shown that this calixarene increased the affinity of the enzyme for the sodium pump conventional inhibitor – ouabain: the magnitudes of the seeming­ constant of inhibition I0.5 changed from 26.9 ± 1.3 mM to 10.9 ± 0.6 mM. However the ouabain itself did not influence on the affinity of the Nа+,K+-АТРase for сalixarene С-107.

Comparative investigation of the effect of calix[4]arene C-99 and its analogs on Nа(+),K(+)-ATPase activity of uterus myocite plasma membrane

T. O. Veklich1, A. A. Shkrabak1, S. O. Cherenok2,
V. I. Kalchenko2, S. O. Kosterin1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2Institute of Organic Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: kinet@biochem.kiev.ua; vik@ioch.kiev.ua

The aim of our investigation was to determine structural features of calix[4]arene C-99 which are important for its inhibition properties relative to Nа+,K+-ATPase of uterus myocite plasma membrane. Therefore we studied the effect of calix[4]-arenes С-296, С-297, С-424, С-425, С-426, С-427, which are structurally similar to this inhibitor, on the mentioned enzyme activity. We have shown that calixarenes С-296 and С-297 which have two additional propoxy groups on the lower rim of macrocycle are less effective inhibitors of Nа+,K+-ATPase relative to calixa­rene C-99. Calixarenes С-425 and С-427 which have on the upper rim of macrocycle three and four phosponic residues, respectively, also inhibit Nа+,K+-ATPase activity less effectively as compared to calixarene C-99. Both calixarenes: С-424, which has only two carbonate residues on the upper rim, and С-426, which has on the upper rim ketomethilphosphonate residues instead of hydro­xymethilphosphonate residues of calixarene C-99, do not affect Nа+,K+-ATPase activity. We have made respective conclusions concerning the role of certain chemical groups of calixarene C-99 during­ its interaction with Nа+,K+-ATPase.

Nitric oxide as the regulator of intracellular homeostasis in the uterus myocytes

Yu. V. Danylovych

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences, Kyiv, Ukraine;
e-mail: danylovych@biochem.kiev.ua

The published data on the mechanisms and regulation of active and passive Ca2+ transport in the myometrium have been analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the cGMP-dependent and independent pathways of action of nitric oxide or its derivatives on intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis of uterine smooth muscle and its contractile activi­ty. Information on the effect of nitric oxide on Ca2+-transport systems of other types of smooth muscles is provided in a comparative aspect. Based on own experimental results and literature data a scheme of NO action in the myometrium is suggested in which nitric oxide or its derivatives cause­ Ca2+-dependent polarization of the sarcolemma. In accordance with our results, this effect may be based on the increase of sarcolemma Ca2+ permeability under the influence of NO or its derivatives and the stimulation of at least the initial passive transport of the cation in the myocytes mediated by dihydropyridine-sensitive channels. Additional factors that contribute to the polarization of the membrane are the increase of protons transport from the muscle cells and stimulation of Na+, K+-ATPase. Acting on the sarcoplasmic reticulum, nitrosactive compounds activate the inclusion of calcium in this compartment and inhibit Ca2+-induced release of the cation. The latter effects are able to provide compensation for NO-induced Ca2+ increase in myocytes and supress the electro-mechanical coupling at Ca2+ release from the reticulum. NO-derivates also inhibit a key link in the smooth muscle contractile act – the formation of the Ca2+-calmodulin complex.

Ca(2+) accumulation study in isolated smooth muscle mitochondria using Fluo-4 AM

O. V. Kolomiets, Yu. V. Danylovych, G. V. Danylovych, S. O. Kosterin

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: danylovych@biochem.kiev.ua

The opportunity of Ca2+-sensitive fluorescent dye Fluo-4 AM and spectrofluorimetry method application for the study of energy-dependent Ca2+ accumulation in mitochondria from uterus smooth muscle is proved. It has been found that the presen­ce of mitochondrial preparation increases time-dependent fluorescent response considerably and this effect depends on Ca2+ concentration in the medium. Thus, in these conditions, deesterification active probe is formed which is sensitive to Ca2+. It is shown that the accumulation of calcium ions in mitochondria in the presence of Mg-ATP and succinate depends on exogenous Ca2+ concentration and is characterized by substrate saturating­. The apparent activation constant of Ca2+ accumulation is 53.9 ± 6.9 mM, which corresponds to the physiological concentration of the cation in the cell next to mitochondria. Transit addition of Ca2+-ionophore A23187 to the incubation medium caused a rapid release of ionized cation from mitochondria. When proton gradient on the inner mitochondrial membrane is dissipated by protonophore CCCP, in the case of suppressing the generation of the gradient by oligomycin and in the presence of ruthenium red that inhibits Ca2+ mitochondrial accumulation systems, Ca2+ entry is significantly reduced. The results indicate the prospects of using Fluo-4 AM to study the properties of the Ca2+ accumulation system in isolated mitochondria of the myometrium.

Kinetic regularities of calixarene C-90 action on the myometrial plasma membrane Ca(2+),Mg(2+)-ATPase activity and on the Ca(2+) concentration in unexcited сells of the myometrium

T. O. Veklich1, A. A. Shkrabak1, Yu. Yu. Mazur1, R. V. Rodik2,
V. I. Boyko2, V. I. Kalchenko2, S. O. Kosterin1

1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2Institute of Organic Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: kinet@biochem.kiev.ua; vik@ioch.kiev.ua

Plasma membrane Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase is an important element of general myometrium tonus control mechanism, which also makes a contribution to muscle tension relaxation after its contraction. Expiriments were done on the myometrial cell plasma membrane suspension, which was treated with 0.1% digitonin solution. The authors have investigated the inhibitory action of calix[4]arene C-90 (5,11,17,23-tetra(trifluor)methyl(phenylsulphonylimino)-methylamino-25,26,27,28-tetra propoxi-calix[4]arene) on the Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase activity (the magnitude of І0.5 was 20.2 ± 0.5 mkM). The inhibitory action of calix[4]arene C-90 on the activity of Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase is explained as cooperative action of four trifluormethyl(phenylsulfonylimino)methylamino groups that are spatially oriented on the calix[4]-arene base rather than with the action of tetraphenol macrocycle or separate pharmacophore sulphonilamidin groups. Conside­ring established kinetic pattern of calix[4]arene C-90 inhibitory action on the plasma membrane Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase­ activity, stationary kinetical model of basal calcium concentration control in unexcited uterus myocytes was develo­ped. It is assumed that obtained results may be promising for creation of new generation (“supramolecular”) pharmacological agent – uterus basal tonus stimulator – on the base of calix[4]arene C-90.

The сalix[4]arene C-107 is highly effective supramolecular inhibitor of the Na+,K+-АТРase of plasmatic membrane

O. V. Bevza1, T. O. Veklich1, O. A. Shkrabak1, R. V. Rodik2, V. I. Kalchenko2, S. O. Kosterin1

 1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: kinet@biochem.kiev.ua;
2Institute of Organic Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
e-mail: vik@bpci.kiev.ua

The inhibition of the Na+,K+-АТРase activity of the myometrium cell plasma membranes with calixarene С-107 (5,17-diamino(2-pyridyl)methylphosphono-11,23-di-tret-butyl-26,28-dihydroxy-25,27-dipropoxycalix[4]arene) was investigated. It has been shown that calixarene С-107 reduced the Na+,K+-АТРase activity more efficiently than ouabain did, while it did not practically influence the “basal” Mg2+-АТРase activity of the same membrane. The magnitude of the cofficient of inhibition I0.5 was 33 ± 4 nМ, Hill coefficient was 0.38 ± 0.06. The model calixa­rene C-150 – the calixarene “scaffold” (26,28-dihydroxy-25,27-dipropoxycalix[4]arene), and the model compound М-3 (4-hydroxyaniline(2-pyridine)methylphosphonic acid) – a fragment of the calixarene С-107, had practically no influence on the enzymatic activity of Na+,K+-АТРase and Mg2+-АТРаse.  We carried out the computer simulation of interaction of calixarenes C-107 and the mentioned model compound with ligand binding sites of the Na+,K+-АТРase of plasma membrane and structure foundation of their intermolecular interaction was found out. The participation of hydrogen, hydrophobic, electrostatic and π-π (stacking) interaction between calixarene and enzyme aminoacid residues, some of which are located near the active center of Na+,K+-АТРase, was discussed.