Tag Archives: oxidative substrates

Dependence of the mitochondrial adaptive capacity of hepatocytes on the oxidative substrates availability

H. M. Mazur, V. M. Merlavsky, B. O. Manko, V. V. Manko

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine;
e-mail: Volodymyr.Manko@lnu.edu.ua

Received: 11 February 2019; Accepted: 18 October 2019

The ability of the mitochondria to compensate for energy expenditure of cells largely depends on the availability of the oxidative substrates, transported across the intact plasma membrane with molecular carriers of limited affinity. The aim of this study was to investigate the dependence of adaptive respiratory responses of mitochondria of intact hepatocytes on the oxidative substrates. Basal and FCCP-stimulated respiration rates were determined with Clark electrode. After 15-minute incubation in the medium with the oxidative substrates or their combinations (glutamine, pyruvate, succinate, monomethyl succinate, α-ketoglutarate, dimethyl-α-ketoglutarate (2 mM) or glucose (10 mM)), isolated hepatocytes were added into the respiratory chamber. FCCP concentration was 0.25, 0.5 and 1 μM. The adaptive capacity of mitochondria was characterized by the maximal uncoupled respiration rate (the highest respiration rate among all tested FCCP concentrations), the optimal FCCP concentration (the concentration at which the maximal rate is achieved) and the area under the curve (AUC) of the dependence of the uncoupled respiration rate on FCCP concentration. The adaptive capacity of mitochondria, evaluated by AUC, increases in this order of substrates: glucose (0.063 r.u.), endogenous substrates (0.067 r.u.), glutamine (0.092 r.u.), pyruvate (0.113 r.u.), α-ketoglutarate (0.113 r.u.), succinate (0.152 r.u.), dimethyl-α -ketoglutarate (0.156 r.u.), and monomethyl succinate (0.172 r.u.). The adaptive capacity of mitochondria of hepatocytes seems to be partly dependent on plasma membrane transporters affinities (Km) to the oxidative substrates. The presence of glucose in the medium does not improve the adaptive capacity of hepatic mitochondria.

Adaptive respiratory response of rat pancreatic acinar cells to mitochondrial membrane depolarization

B. O. Manko, O. O. Bilonoha, V. V. Manko

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine;
e-mail: bohdan.manko@lnu.edu.ua

Received: 06 December 2018; Accepted: 14 March 2019

The dependence of uncoupled respiratory capacity of intact pancreatic acini on oxidative substrate supply and functional cell state has not yet been studied in detail. In this study, the respiratory responses of isolated pancreatic acini to FCCP were measured with Clark electrode and mitochondrial membrane potential was assessed with rhodamine123 fluorescence. The response of acini to FCCP was characteri­zed with maximal uncoupled respiration rate, optimal FCCP concentration, respiration acceleration and decele­ration. Maximal uncoupled respiration rate substantially increased upon the oxidation of glucose + glutamine (3.03 ± 0.54 r.u.), glucose + glutamine + pyruvate (2.82 ± 0.51 r.u.), glucose + isocitrate (2.71 ± 0.33 r.u.), glucose + malate (2.75 ± 0.38 r.u.), glucose + monomethyl-succinate (2.64 ± 0.42 r.u.) or glucose + dimethyl-α-ketoglutarate (2.36 ± 0.33 r.u.) comparing to glucose alone (1.73–2.02 r.u.) or no substrate (1.76 ± 0.33 r.u.). The optimal FCCP concentration was the highest (1.75 μM) upon glucose + glutamine + pyruvate combination and the lowest (0.5 μM) upon glutamate, combinations of glucose with isocitrate, malate, succinate or α-ketoglutarate. Respiration acceleration after FCCP application was the highest with dimethyl-α-ketoglutarate. Following the peak respiration, time-dependent deceleration was observed. It increased with FCCP concentration and depended on oxidative substrate type. Deceleration was the highest upon malate or isocitrate oxidation but was not observed in case of glutamine or dimethyl-α-ketoglutarate oxidation. Pyruvate alone or in combination with glutamine and glucose significantly decreased the depolarizing effect of FCCP on mitochondrial membrane potential and increased respiration elasticity coefficient with respect to the membrane potential change. Thus, in pancreatic acinar cells, the combination of pyruvate, glutamine and glucose enables the optimal adaptive respiratory response to membrane depolarization.