Ukr.Biochem.J. 2011; Volume 83, Issue 4, Jul-Aug, pp. 67-76

Fructose as a factor of carbonyl and oxidative stress development and accelerated aging in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

L. М. Lozinska, H. М. Semchyshyn

Vassyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine;

Excessive and prolonged consumption of fructose may lead to the development of metabolic disorders. However, the mechanisms of  disturbances are still discussed. In the present work, the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been used as a model to compare the effects of prolonged consumption of different concentrations of glucose and fructose on certain physiology-biochemical parameters of eukaryotes. It has been shown that the yeast growth, their metabolic activity, intracellular level of glycogen and oxidized proteins were higher in cells grown on fructose. The observation is consistent with the data on a higher in vitro ability of fructose than glucose to initiate glycation which products of which are highly reactive α-dicarbonyl compounds and activated oxygen forms. Thus the intensity of carbonyl and oxidative stress is higher in cells grown on fructose. This can explain a higher rate of aging of yeast consuming fructose as a source of carbon and energy as compared to cells growing on glucose. However, carbohydrate restriction used in this study hampered the accumulation of glycogen and oxidized proteins and did not reveal any difference between markers of aging and carbonyl and oxidative stress in yeast grown on glucose and fructose.

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