Tag Archives: pigments

The effect of CO donor hemin on the antioxidant and osmoprotective systems state in Arabidopsis of a wild-type and mutants defective in jasmonate signaling under salt stress

M. A. Shkliarevskyi1, Yu. E. Kolupaev1,2*, T. O. Yastreb1,
Yu. V. Karpets1, A. P. Dmitriev3

1Dokuchaev Kharkiv National Agrarian University, Ukraine;
2Karazin Kharkiv National University, Ukraine;
3Institute of Cell Biology and Genetic Engineering, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
*e-mail: plant.biology.knau@gmail.com

Received: 6 December 2020; Accepted: 17 May 2021

The role of the gasotransmitter carbon monoxide (CO) in signaling and adaptive processes in plants has been studied insufficiently. There are indirect data indicating jasmonate signaling participation in realization of CO effects, but  the possible connection between carbon monoxide and jasmonate signaling during plant adaptation to salt stress remains unclear. We studied the carbon monoxide donor hemin effect on the Arabidopsis of a wild-type (Col-0) and defective in jasmonate signaling coi1 and jin1 mutants response to the salt stress.  Arabidopsis thaliana 4-week-old plants were grown on a modified Hoagland’s medium. Plants were incubated for 24 h in usual or 2 µM hemin containing culture medium, then transferred to 150 mM NaCl containing media and incubated for 24 h before the medium was replaced with the usual one. It was shown that salt stress caused water deficiency and superoxide dismutase and catalase activity decrease in the plants of all three genotypes. Treatment with 2 μM hemin stabilized the levels of catalase activity and  photosynthetic pigments and increased guaiacol peroxidase activity in a wild-type, but not in  coi1 and jin1 mutant plants after  stress induction. Treated with hemin wild-type Arabidopsis plants accumulated more proline and sugars in response to stress than treated coi1 and jin1 mutants. It was concluded that jasmonate signaling can be involved in adaptive processes induced by exogenous carbon monoxide.

Crassula genus plants response to temperature stress depends on anatomical structure and antioxidant system

N. V. Nuzhyna*, M. M. Gaidarzhy, A. V. Holubenko

ESC “Institute of Biology and Medicine”, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine;
*e-mail: nuzhynan@gmail.com

Received:  09 October 2020; Accepted: 15 May 2020

Plant adaptation to climate conditions of certain territories has emerged within the course of evolution, shows at all organizational levels from morphological-anatomical to biochemical and is embedded into the plant genes. Survival of plants in such conditions as rapid temperature drops and rises in the range of 20 °C or more depends on their biochemical defense system’s ability to quickly respond to such stress, as well as on the plant’s structural features. Therefore, our goal was to analyze changes of biochemical parameters under conditions of abrupt hyperthermia in four species of Crassula Linne genus and to establish the connection between their anatomical and morphological features and the peculiarities of the biochemical reactions. Plants of Crassula brevifolia Harvey, Crassula lanuliginosa Harvey, Crassula muscosa Linne and Сrassula perfoliata var. minor (Haworth) G.D. Rowley species were held in air thermostats at 40 °C and 50 °C for 3 h, the control temperature being 26 °C. Stress response was analyzed by malondialdehyde content, superoxide dismutase and peroxidase activity and pigments content. Additionally, anatomical structure of the leaves was investigated. Antioxidant response to short-term high temperature varied in different species of the Crassula genus by its directionality and intensity, and depended on the anatomical features of the plant. The additional protective mechanisms were involved in the least heat-resistant plants, such as increased carotenoids­ and flavonoids contents. More powerful SOD and peroxidase activities under rapid heating in plants with more effective protection at the anatomical level were showed.

Signal function of cytokinin 6-benzylaminopurine in the reaction of Triticum aestivum L. mesophyll cells to hyperthermia

M. M. Musienko, V. V. Zhuk, L. M. Batsmanova

ESC Institute of Biology, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine;
e-mail: zhuk_bas@voliacable.com

The signaling effect of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) on leaf mesophyll cells of Triticum aestivum L. under hyperthermic conditions was studied­. It was found that BAP regulated photosynthetic pigment, hydrogen peroxide content and activity of antioxidant enzymes, namely superoxide dismutase, ascorbate peroxidase and catalase under high-temperature conditions. The additive effect of BAP and high temperature on the activation of cell antioxidant systems was demonstrated. BAP regulated reducing processes in mesophyll leaf cells under high-temperature conditions.